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237 B.C. Olympiad 135.4


Consuls: L. Cornelius L.f. Lentulus Caudinus, Q. Fulvius M.f. Flaccus
Athenian archon: (?) Alcibiades
Achaean General: Aratus (V)

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    Click on the links in the lists of references to go to the sources for each event

1 AFR << Hamilcar and Hanno are reconciled, and defeat Mathus in a pitched battle.
~Polyb_1.87'7-10; { CAH_7.2'568.}
2 ++ General comments on the Mercenary War.
* Read Polybius' account
Polyb_1.65'3-8, 2.1'3; Gell_5.21'15<q" Cato:Orig_4'5>; Diod_25.2'1, 8'1; Appian:Hisp_4, :Pun_5'
3 << Utica surrenders to the Carthaginians: the end of the Mercenary War.
* Read Polybius' account
~Polyb_1.88'1-7; Diod_25.5'3, ~6'1; Nepos_22.2'4-5; ~Liv_21.2'1; Zonar_8'17;(p17)  { CAH_7.2'568.}
4 EGY {Audnaeus -M = April} Document: BD_108, a royal decree in response to a petition of Zenon.
4a << Document: BD_124A, the will of Peisias.
4b GRE << The outbreak of war (the "Demetrian War") in Attica.
Syll_485.B'56-59; { When Lysias was Athenian archon.}
5 NUM Hamilcar campaigns against the Numidians.
* Read Appian's account
~Diod_25.8'1<v>, 26.23'1; ~Nepos_22.2'5; Frontin:Str_4.7'18; ~Appian:Hisp_4,(↓)  :Hann_2; { It is unclear whether all the sources refer to the same event.}
6 CIS Flaccus escapes after being surrounded by a band of Gauls.
* Read Zonaras' account
+Eutrop_3.2'1; +Zonar_8'18.(p21) 
7 AFR The Carthaginians appoint Hamilcar to be their general in Spain.
~Diod_25.8'1; { OCD_h.}
8 Hannibal the son of Hamilcar swears an oath of enmity to Rome.
* Read Polybius' account
~Polyb_3.11'5-7; Nepos_23.2'3-5; ~Liv_21.1'4, 35.19'3; ValMax_9.3e'3;L  Silius_1'70-139,L  13'744-747;L  Flor_1.22'2; Appian:Hisp_9, :Hann_3; [Vict]:VirIll_42'1;L  Oros_4.14'3;L  { OCD_han.}
9 Hamilcar sails from Carthage to Spain.
* Read Nepos' account
~Polyb_2.1'5-7, 15.19'3; Diod_25.10'1; Nepos_22.3'1-4'2; ~Liv_21.2'1, 16'5, 30.35'10; Silius_1'140-141;L  ~Appian:Hisp_5, :Hann_2; Ampel_28'4;L  Just_44.5'4; ~Oros_4.19'4;L  Zonar_8'17;(p19)  { CAH_7.2'671; Green_699.}
10 ASI Attalus defeats the Galatians by the river Caicus.
* Read Polyaenus' account
OGIS_269, 276; Polyb_18.41'7; Liv_33.21'3, 38.16'4; Strab_13'624;(4.2)  Frontin:Str_1.11'15, 2.13'1; Paus_1.4'5-6, 8'1; Polyaen_4.20'1; { CAH_7.1'429; Errington_p124?238.}
10a EGY {7 Epeiph -E = August} The commencement of building of the temple of Horus at Edfu.
Inscr_20'B.
11 PHO ?? The city of Aradus makes an alliance with Seleucus, by the terms of which it is allowed to accept and protect fugitives.
Strab_16'754;(2.14)  { During the war between Seleucus and Antiochus Hierax.}
12 ROM >> Hieron of Syracuse visits Rome.
* Read Eutropius' account
Eutrop_3.1'2, +2'1.

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