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203 B.C. Olympiad 144.2


Consuls: Cn Servilius Cn.f. Caepio, C. Servilius C.f. Geminus
Athenian archon: Apollodorus

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    Click on the links in the lists of references to go to the sources for each event

1 ROM {March -R} The new consuls enter office, and are given command of the war in Italy.
+Liv_30.1'1-2'13.
2 AFR Scipio makes a successful night attack on the camp of Syphax.
* Read Polybius' account
~Polyb_14.1'1-6'5; +Liv_30.3'1-7'2; Frontin:Str_1.1'3, 2'1, 2.5'29; Silius_17'85-108,L  '177-178;L  Plut:Fab_26'3; ~Appian:Pun_17-24; DioCass_fr.57'72, '77; Eutrop_3.20'2; ~Oros_4.18'18-19;L  +Zonar_9'12;(p249)  { CAH_8'63; OCD_s.}
3 The Carthaginians resolve to continue the war in conjunction with Syphax.
* Read Polybius' account
~Polyb_14.6'6-7'8; +Liv_30.7'3-13; ~Appian:Pun_24; { CAH_8'63.}
4 Scipio defeats the Carthaginians at the battle of the Great Plains.
* Read Polybius' account
Ennius:Fr_p398'14; ~Polyb_14.7'9-9'5; +Liv_30.8'1-9'4, 28'11, 30'14; Silius_17'109-148;L  Flor_1.22'56; ~Oros_4.18'20;L  { CAH_8'63; OCD_s.}
5 The Carthaginians attack the Roman fleet at Utica, while Scipio is occupying Tunis.
* Read Polybius' account
~Polyb_14.9'6-10'12; +Liv_30.9'5-10'21; (?) Frontin:Str_4.7'12; Plut:Fab_26'3; ~Appian:Pun_24-25, 30; +Zonar_9'12;(p251)  { CAH_8'63, '66; OCD_s.}
5a MES {17 Artemisius -M} Document: SEG_35.1476, a letter from Icadion concerning the island of Icarus in the Persian Gulf.
5b ASI {15 Daesius -M} Document: RC_38, a letter of (?) Zeuxis to Amyzon.
6 NUM ?? Syphax returns territory which had been captured by Masinissa to Carthage.
Liv_40.17'1-4.
7 {22 June -R} Laelius and Masinissa defeat and capture Syphax.
* Read Livy's account
Polyb_15.4'4; Sall:Jug_5'4, 14'8; Diod_27.10'1; +Liv_30.11'1-12'22, 44'12; #Ovid:Fast_6'769-770; ValMax_6.9e'7;L  Silius_16'272;L  Just_38.6'5; Eutrop_3.20'2; ~Oros_4.18'21;L  +Zonar_9'13;(p253)  { CAH_8'63; OCD_s.}
8 AFR Masinissa persuades Sophonisba to commit suicide.
* Read Livy's account
Diod_27.6'1-8'1; +Liv_30.13'1-15'14, 45.7'2, 14'2; ~Appian:Pun_27-28; DioCass_fr.57'73; ~Oros_4.18'21;L  +Zonar_9'13.(p253) 
9 GRE ?? Document: Syll_538, decrees of Delphi in honour of Philistus of Cos and Philippus of Calymna.
10 EGY << The floruit of Aristophanes of Byzantium.
Suda_A'3933.
10a ASI ?? Document: SEG_44.949, a decree of Teos concerning a large ransom to be paid to pirates.
11 << Document: Austin_191,B  a decree of Teos in honour of Antiochus III. { CAH_8'250; Errington_195.}
12 Document: Syll_563-566, decrees of Delphi and the Aetolian League, recognising Teos as inviolable.
12a ?? Document: OGIS_235, a dedication by Zeuxis at Amyzon.
13 AFR Hasdrubal tries to win over some of Scipio's allies.
* Read Appian's account
Appian:Pun_29-30; +Zonar_9'12.(p251) 
14 Scipio agrees to a short truce with the Carthaginians.
* Read Livy's account
Polyb_15.1'6-8, 8'7; +Liv_30.16'1-15; Plut:Fab_26'2-4; ~Appian:Pun_31; DioCass_fr.57'74; +Eutrop_3.21'1-2; Zonar_9'12,(p247)  +'13;(p257)  { CAH_8'63.}
15 ROM Laelius arrives at Rome with Syphax, and envoys from Masinissa.
+Liv_30.17'1-14.
16 CIS ?? Mago defeats and captures Cn.Piso.
Frontin:Str_3.6'5.
17 The praetor Quinctilius Varus defeats Mago, who later dies of his wounds at sea near Sardinia.
* Read Livy's account
+Liv_30.18'1-19'11, 31.11'5; DioCass_fr.58'5; Zonar_9'12,(p247)  +'13,(p259)  '15;(p283)  { CAH_8'56; OCD_m.}
18 ITA ?? Valerius treacherously murders the son of Lucius, his father-in-law.
Plut:Mor_311'D-E; { This story is unlikely to have any historical basis.}
19 ?? Hannibal falls in love with a prostitute from Salapia.
Plin:HN_3'103.L 
20 ?? Hannibal is warned in a dream not to steal a column from the temple of Juno at Lacinium.
Cic:Div_1'48.
21 ++ The devastation caused by Hannibal's long stay in Italy.
* Read Polybius' account
Macrob:Sat_6.7'10<q"L  Cato>; Polyb_10.33'1-7; Sall:Jug_5'4; Diod_29.19'1; Strab_5'251,(4.13)  6'255;(1.5)  Vell_1.15'1; ValMax_9.2e'2;L  Sen:Dial_4.5'4; Frontin:Str_3.2'3; Plut:Mor_324'B; Appian:Pun_134, :Syr_10; Gell_2.6'7; Malal_209.
22 Hannibal is ordered by the Carthaginians to leave Italy, and sails back to Africa; Pelorus, Hannibal's helmsman, dies during the journey.
* Read Livy's account
[Cic]:RhetHer_3'2; Sall:Hist_4'25;L  Diod_27.9'1-10'1; +Liv_30.19'12-21'10; ValMax_9.8e'1;L  !Mela_2'116; Frontin:Str_1.3'8; Silius_17'149-290;L  Plut:Ages_15'6, :Fab_26'5; Appian:Hann_1, 58-61, ~:Pun_33; Eutrop_3.20'3; ~Oros_4.19'1;L  +Zonar_9'13;(p259)  { CAH_8'56, '63; OCD_h.}
23 ROM Carthaginian envoys appear before the Roman senate to discuss peace terms.
* Read Livy's account
Polyb_15.1'3, 8'8-9; +Liv_30.21'11-23'8, 30'27-28; (?) ValMax_7.2'3;L  ~Appian:Pun_31-32; DioCass_fr.57'74; +Eutrop_3.21'2-3; +Zonar_9'13;(p259)  { CAH_8'72.}
24 P.Sulpicius is appointed dictator, to stop Caepio crossing to Africa.
* Read Livy's account
+Liv_30.24'1-4, 45.36'9; +FastCap_p62; { CAH_8'73.}
25 << Fabius is awarded a crown of grass for saving Rome from Hannibal.
* Read Gellius' account
Plin:HN_22'10;L  Gell_5.6'10; { This is explicitly stated by Plinius to be after Hannibal left Italy.}
26 ?? The generous treatment by Fabius of a Marsian and a Lucanian who were both suspected of treason.
* Read Plutarch's account
Plut:Fab_20'1-6, :Mor_195'E-F; [Vict]:VirIll_42'5.L 
27 ++ General comments on the character of Fabius, and his role in the defeat of Hannibal.
* Read Cicero's account
Cic:Rep_5'10,L  :Sen_11-12; CIL_11.1828; ValMax_3.8'2;L  Sen:Dial_4.31'4, :Ben_2.7'1; Plut:Marc_9'7, :Fab_1'3-5, 19'1-5, 28'1-4, 30'1-3, :Mor_195'D.
28 The death of Fabius Maximus Cunctator, who had been augur for 62 years.
* Read Livy's account
+Liv_30.26'7-10; ValMax_5.2'3,L  8.13'3;L  Plin:HN_7'156;L  Plut:Fab_27'1-2; { OCD_f.}
29 Delegations from Greek states complain to the Roman senate that Philippus has broken the terms of the peace treaty.
+Liv_30.26'2-4; { CAH_8'245.}
30 == The "picus Martius", a bird of good omen, is seen to land on the head of the praetor P.Aelius Paetus.
FGrH_809'32<q" FabPict>; { Since the Paetus in the story was praetor urbanus, he is probably identical with the Paetus who was praetor for this year (Liv_30.1'9).}

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