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160 B.C. Olympiad 155.1


Consuls: L. Anicius L.f. Gallus, M. Cornelius C.f. Cethegus
Olympic victor in the stadion race: Leonidas of Rhodes (II)

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    Click on the links in the lists of references to go to the sources for each event

1 Document: BD_142, a petition from Ptolemaeus complaining about intrusion on his father's house.
2 PAL Razis commits suicide to avoid capture by the Syrians.
2Macc_14'37-46.
3 {13 Adar -J = March} Nicanor is defeated and killed at Adasa.
* Read 2Maccabees' account
#1Macc_7'39-50; #2Macc_15'1-37; #MegTaan_12'3; Joseph:BJ_1'47, :AJ_12'406-412; Just_36.1'10; Sulpit_2'23; { CAH_8'536; Green_522=161.}
4 {? April} A treaty between Judas and the Romans.
* Read 1Maccabees' account
1Macc_8'1-32; Diod_40.2'1; Joseph:AJ_12'414-419; Just_36.3'9; ChronPasc_440'C; +Hieron:Chron_1857; Sulpit_2'23; { CAH_8'536; Green_522=161.}
5 {Nisan -J = April/May} Judas is defeated by Bacchides and killed at Berea.
* Read 1Maccabees' account
+1Macc_9'1-22; Joseph:BJ_1'47, :AJ_12'420-13'1; Porph:Fr_52; !Hieron:Chron_1860; Sulpit_2'23; ExcBarb_36A, 47A; ChronSynt_95;(↓)  { CAH_8'536; Green_522.}
6 SYR << Demetrius suppresses a rebellion by Timarchus, satrap of Media.
* Read Diodorus' account
Diod_31.27a'1; Appian:Syr_47; Trog:Prol_34; { CAH_8'358; OCD_d.}
7 Demetrius gains official Roman recognition as king of Syria, with the support of Ti.Gracchus.
~Polyb_31.33'1-4; { Walbank_p517.}
8 ROM Charops of Epirus appears before the senate, but fails to win their approval.
Polyb_32.6'1-6; { Walbank_p524.}
8a GRE Document: Syll_668, the decision in a dispute between Cytinium and Sparta, about voting in the Amphictyonic council.
8b << Document: Syll_660, a decree of Delphi in honour of two citharodes from Aegeira.
8c << Document: Syll_667, an Athenian decree in honour of an agonothete, with a list of victors in the Theseia games.
9 ?? Carneades is reprimanded for speaking too loudly in the gymnasium.
Plut:Mor_513'C.
10 ?? Carneades becomes head of the Academy at Athens.
* Read Clement's account
Cic:Acad_1'46,L  2'16,L  '98;L  ClemAl:Strom_1'14;(↓)  DiogLaert_4'60; { ~OCD_c.}
11 ?? Antipater of Tarsus sails to Athens and joins the Stoic school there.
* Read Plutarch's account
Plut:Mar_46'2, :Mor_469'D, :Fr_206; { Antipater succeeded Diogenes "the Babylonian" as head of the Stoic school in about 152 B.C.}
12 ARM ?? Artaxias conquers some of the surrounding nations to create a large independent kingdom in Armenia.
Strab_11'528;(14.5)  { Artaxias was still alive in 162 B.C. (Polyb_31.16'1).}
13 ASI ?? Document: Burstein_40,B  a decree of Miletus in honour of Eirenias.
14 PAL Jonathan becomes Jewish leader.
* Read 1Maccabees' account
1Macc_9'23-31; (?) Qumran_1QpHab'8,(2.5-6)  4Q448'B; Joseph:BJ_1'48, :AJ_13'1-6; [Euseb]:Chron_129; ChronPasc_441'A, 464'B, 509'B; !Hieron:Chron_1860; Sulpit_2'23; Syncell_346; { Green_711.}
15 AEG << Eumenes and Demetrius give gifts of grain to the Rhodians.
* Read Polybius' account
~Polyb_31.31'1-3; Diod_31.36'1; { CAH_8'380-381.}
16 PAL The death of John the brother of Jonathan.
* Read 1Maccabees' account
~1Macc_9'32-42; Joseph:BJ_1'47, :AJ_13'7-11, '18-22.
17 ROM An embassy from Ariarathes of Cappadocia brings a crown as a symbol of his friendship.
* Read Polybius' account
~Polyb_31.32'3, 32.1'1-4; Diod_31.28'1; { Walbank_p518.}
18 PAL >> A battle between Bacchides and Jonathan by the river Jordan.
* Read 1Maccabees' account
~1Macc_9'43-49; Joseph:AJ_13'12-17; { Before the death of Alcimus, which was early in 159 B.C.}
19 GRE Document: Austin_242B  (Syll_672), commemorating a gift from Attalus II to the city of Delphi.
20 ROM This year is a famous vintage for Italian wines.
+Cic:Brut_287-288.
21 ++ General comments on the strong and upright character of Paullus.
Plut:Tim_41'1, '8-10.
22 >> Death of L.Aemilius Paullus.
* Read Polybius' account
Polyb_18.35'6, ~31.22'1-11; Diod_31.25'1, 26'1-2; [Liv]:Per_46; ValMax_4.4'9;L  Plut:Aem_4'5, 39'2-5; DioCass_fr.67'1; [Vict]:VirIll_56'6;L  Suda_L'330; Zonar_9'24;(p353)  { OCD_p.}
23 >> The funeral of Paullus; composition and first performance of Terentius' "Adelphi".
* Read Plutarch's account
~Polyb_31.28'4-6; Diod_31.25'2, 27'6; ValMax_2.10'3;L  Plut:Aem_39'6-8; #Hyp:Ter_Hec, #Ad; { OCD_t.}
24 >> Scipio Aemilianus makes over his inheritance to his brother.
* Read Polybius' account
~Polyb_31.28'1-3; Diod_31.27'5-6; Plut:Aem_39'10.
25 >> Terentius leaves for Greece.
[Suet]:Ter_4.
26 ETR >> Cethegus drains the Pomptine marshes.
+[Liv]:Per_46.

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