140 B.C. Olympiad 160.1

Consuls: C. Laelius C.f., Q. Servilius Cn.f. Caepio
Athenian archon: Hagnotheus
Olympic victor in the stadion race: ? Hagnodorus of Cyzicus

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1 ROM T.Torquatus judges his son Silanus guilty of extortion in Macedonia, and Silanus commits suicide.
* Read Livy's account
Cic:Fin_1'24, '34, '35; ~[Liv]:Per_54, +:EpOx_54'178-181;L  ValMax_5.8'3.L 
2 LUS << Viriathus defeats the Romans under Fabius near the town of Erisane.
* Read Appian's account
+[Liv]:EpOx_54'185;L  ~Appian:Hisp_68-69;(↓)  { CAH_8'134.}
3 Treaty between Viriathus and Fabius.
* Read Appian's account
~Diod_33.1'4; ~[Liv]:Per_54, +:EpOx_54'186;L  ~Appian:Hisp_69; +Obseq_23; [Vict]:VirIll_71'2;L  FGrH_103'26-27<q" Charax>; { CAH_8'134; OCD_v.}
4 SPA Pompeius suffers reverses at Numantia.
* Read Appian's account
~Appian:Hisp_78; DioCass_fr.77'1; { In the summer before Pompeius made a treaty with the Numantines.}
5 MES Demetrius invades Mesopotamia.
* Read Josephus' account
+1Macc_14'1; Joseph:AJ_13'184-186; ~Just_36.1'1-4, 38.9'2; ![Euseb]:Chron_255; { CAH_8'368, '371.}
6 EGY << Ptolemy Physcon marries his step-daughter Cleopatra, and brutally suppresses opposition in Alexandria, forcing many scholars to emigrate.
* Read Justin's account
Burstein_106'28-38;B  ValMax_9.1e'5;L  Ampel_35'5;L  (?) POxy_1241; Athen_4.184'b-c<q" Menecles>; Just_38.8'5-7; SHA:Carac_6'3; { CAH_9'311; OCD_c<140/39>; Bennett.}
6a {9 Payni -E = July} The foundation of the pronaos of the temple at Edfu.
Inscr_20'F; { Hölbl_p265.}
7 ROM Laelius withdraws his proposed agrarian law.
Plut:TGrac_8'5; { CAH_8'195; OCD_l.}
8 Appius Claudius prevents extra conscription.
+[Liv]:EpOx_54'176-178;L  { CAH_8'194; CAH_9'60.}
9 ROM Asellus attempts to stop the consul Caepio leaving for his province.
10 PAL {18 Elul -J = Sept.} The Jews set up an inscription in honour of Simon.
#1Macc_14'25-49; { CAH_8'368=141; CAH_9'285; Green_523-524.}
11 ROM Scipio Aemilianus is brought to trial by the tribune Claudius Asellus.
* Read Gellius' account
Lucil_424-425; Cic:DeOr_2'258;L  Gell_3.4'1-3; { CAH_8'178-179; CAH_9'60.}
12 The senate discusses religious objections to bringing water from the river Anio into Rome.
* Read Frontinus' account
+[Liv]:EpOx_54'188-190;L  +Frontin:Aqu_1'7.
13 LUS Q.Occius is attacked by the Lusitani.
13a CRE == C.Laelius asks the city of Magnesia to arbitrate between Itanus and Hierapytna.
Syll_685.A'50-51, B'19-25.
14 AS1 ?? Document: Austin_246,B  a letter from Attalus praising his son's tutor, a citizen of Ephesus.
15 ARM << The births of Tigranes of Armenia and Tiraeus of Charax.
~Lucian:Macr_15, 16.
16 ROM ?? L.Mummius is unable to afford a dowry for his daughter.
Plin:HN_34'36;L  { ~OCD_m.}
17 == The birth of the orator L.Crassus.
* Read Cicero's account
Cic:DeOr_2'364,L  +:Brut_160-162; { OCD_c.}
18 == Accius and Pacuvius both produce plays during this year, though Pacuvius is now 80 years old.
~Cic:Brut_229; { Pacuvius was born in 220 B.C.}
19 ++ General remarks on the career of P.Cornelius Scipio Nasica Corculum.
Diod_34.33'1; Justin:Dig_1.2.2'37<q" Pomponius>; { Nasica was princeps senatus in 147 B.C., but is not mentioned after that date.}
19a ?? Document: Syll_674, a decree of the senate and the praetor C.Mancinus, concerning Melitaea and Narthacium in Thessaly.
20 ETR ?? Document: CIL_1.632, a dedication by L.Munius to Hercules at Reate.
21 GRE ?? The death of the philosopher Critolaus, who is succeeded as head of the Peripatetic school by Diodorus of Tyre.
* Read Clement's account
~Lucian:Macr_20; ClemAl:Strom_1'14;(↓)  { Critolaus visited Rome in 155 B.C., but his dates are otherwise unknown.}

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