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138 B.C. Olympiad 160.3


Consuls: P. Cornelius P.f. Scipio Nasica Serapio, D. Junius M.f. Brutus
Athenian archon: Timarchus

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    Click on the links in the lists of references to go to the sources for each event

1 LUS The Romans refuse to reward Viriathus' murderers.
* Read Eutropius' account
+[Liv]:EpOx_55'200-202;L  Eutrop_4.16'2; Oros_5.4'14,L  23'15.L 
2 Tautalus, the successor of Viriathus, surrenders to the Romans.
* Read Appian's account
Diod_33.1'4; ~Appian:Hisp_75; { CAH_8'140; OCD_v.}
3 SYR ?? Tryphon sends a statue of victory to Rome.
~Diod_33.28a'1.
4 ROM The consuls punish C.Matienius and other deserters.
* Read Livy's account
+[Liv]:Per_55, +:EpOx_55'207-209;L  Frontin:Str_4.1'20; { CAH_8'194.}
5 C.Curiatius gives Nasica the nickname Serapio, because of his likeness to a certain slave.
* Read Livy's account
+[Liv]:Per_55; ValMax_9.14'3;L  Plin:HN_7'54.L 
6 The tribunes Licinius and Curiatius place the consuls in prison.
* Read Livy's account
+Cic:Leg_3'20;L  +[Liv]:Per_55, +:EpOx_55'202-205;L  { CAH_8'194-195; OCD_scipio.}
7 A dispute between Curiatius and Nasica over the corn supply.
+ValMax_3.7'3;L  { CAH_8'193; CAH_9'60.}
8 SYR Antiochus VII marries Cleopatra, his brother's wife, and becomes the official king of Syria.
* Read Josephus' account
Joseph:AJ_13'220-222; Appian:Syr_68,b; Just_36.1'9; [Euseb]:Chron_255,(↓)  !;(↓)  Hieron:Chron_1880; ExcBarb_46B; ChronSynt_92; { CAH_8'368; Green_535.}
9 Antiochus drives out Tryphon, who takes refuge in Dora.
* Read 1Maccabees' account
+1Macc_15'1-14; Apollod:Fr_19; Joseph:AJ_13'223; Frontin:Str_2.13'2; Just_36.1'8; { CAH_8'368; OCD_a.}
10 EGY ?? Galaestes gathers together exiles from Egypt and starts a revolt against Ptolemy.
~Diod_33.20'1, 22'1, 23'1.
11 AEG ?? Document: Austin_245B  (OGIS_329), a decree of Aegina in honour of Cleon of Pergamum.
12 LYC ?? Attalus founds the city of Attaleia in Pamphylia.
Strab_14'667.(4.1) 
13 AS1 ?? Attalus attempts to improve the harbour at Ephesus.
Strab_14'641.(1.24) 
14 ?? Attalus settles the Dionysiac artists at Myonnesus, but soon afterwards they migrate to Lebedus.
Strab_14'643.(1.29) 
15 ?? Attalus invents a technique of gold embroidery.
Plin:HN_8'196.L 
16 ?? Attalus becomes indolent, and hands over the control of his kingdom to Philopoemen.
Plut:Mor_792'A-B.
17 The death of Attalus II of Pergamum, and accession of Attalus III.
* Read Strabo's account
OGIS_264'C; ~Strab_13'624;(4.2)  Plut:Mor_184'B, 489'F-490'A; Lucian:Macr_12; Trog:Prol_36; { CAH_8'376; Green_715.}
18 PER ?? The death of Mithridates I of Parthia and accession of Phraates II.
* Read Justin's account
Just_38.9'6, 41.6'9, ~42.1'1; { CAH_8'371; Green_535.}
19 GRE Document: Burstein_80B  (Syll_683), recording arbitration by Miletus in a dispute between Messenia and Sparta.
20 SPA Popillius attacks the Lusones.
~Appian:Hisp_79.(↓) 
21 SPA Popillius is defeated at Numantia.
* Read Frontinus' account
Lucil_714; ~[Liv]:Per_55, +:EpOx_55'212;L  Frontin:Str_3.17'9; { OCD_n.}
22 ROM ++ Cornelia educates her sons carefully, and employs eminent teachers including Diophanes of Mytilene.
* Read Cicero's account
Cic:Brut_104; Plut:TGrac_1'7.
23 C.Gracchus joins the Roman army.
~Plut:CGrac_2'9.
24 PAL Antiochus sends Athenobius to demand concessions from Simon.
* Read 1Maccabees' account
1Macc_15'25-36; Joseph:AJ_13'223-224; { CAH_9'285.}
25 PHO ?? Tryphon sacks Berytus.
Strab_16'756.(2.19) 
26 SYR ++ General comments on Tryphon's revolt, and its effect Syrian kingdom.
* Read Strabo's account
Strab_14'668,(5.2)  16'752;(2.10)  Porph:Fr_48.
27 Tryphon escapes from Dora, but is killed at Apameia.
* Read Josephus' account
~1Macc_15'37-39; Strab_14'668;(5.2)  ~Joseph:AJ_13'224; Appian:Syr_68; +Hieron:Chron_1879; FGrH_103'29<q" Charax>; { CAH_8'369; Green_535.}
28 EGY {2 Hathur -E = 27 Nov.} Document: SelPap_2.377, a tax receipt from Diospolis Magna.
28a MES {December} Hyspaosines attacks the Elamites.
AstrDiar_137D.rev'1-3.
29 == L.Cotta is accused by Scipio Aemilianus of taking bribes, but he is acquitted.
* Read Cicero's account
Cic:DivCaec_69, :Mur_58; +[Liv]:EpOx_55'210-211;L  ValMax_8.1'11;L  Tac:Ann_3'66; Appian:BCiv_1'22.
30 == Galba and Laelius speak on opposite sides when a guild is accused of organising a murder in the Silan forest.
+Cic:Brut_85-89; { CAH_9'60-61.}
31 == The birth of L.Sulla.
* Read Velleius' account
~Vell_2.17'3; ~Plut:Sull_6'18; [Vict]:VirIll_75'1;L  { OCD_s.}
32 GRE ?? Document: Burstein_80,B  a decision by Milesian arbitrators in a dispute between Messene and Sparta.

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