123 B.C. Olympiad 164.2

Consuls: Q. Caecilius Q.f. Metellus, T. Quinctius T.f. Flamininus
Athenian archon: Demetrius (?)

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1 EGY {2 Phamenoth -E = March} Document: BD_124B, the will of Pachnubis.
1a ROM The triumph of M. Fulvius Flaccus, over the Vocontii and Salluvii.
* Read Fasti's account
+FastTr_p105; Plut:CGrac_18'1; { CAH_9'782; OCD_f.}
2 C.Gracchus proposes a law to bar the reappointment of deposed magistrates, but withdraws it at the request of his mother Cornelia.
* Read Plutarch's account
Diod_34.25'2; +Plut:CGrac_3'4-4'6; { CAH_9'77; OCD_octavius.}
3 C.Gracchus passes a law to prohibit the execution of Roman citizens without a trial, and P.Popillius goes into voluntary exile.
* Read Plutarch's account
Cic:RabPerd_12, :Cat_4'10, :RedSen_37-38, :RedPop_6, :Dom_82, 87, :Rep_1'6, :Leg_3'26,L  :Brut_128; Diod_34.26'1; +Vell_2.7'4; +Plut:CGrac_4'1-3; { CAH_9'77-78.}
4 NAR << C.Sextius defeats the Salluvii.
* Read Strabo's account
Diod_34.23'1; ~[Liv]:Per_61; Strab_4'180;(1.5)  ~Vell_1.15'4; ~Eutrop_4.22'1; AmmMarc_15.12'5; { Diodorus refers to Sextius as consul; the summary of Livius suggests he was proconsul.}
5 SAR Q.Metellus conquers the Balearic islands.
* Read Florus' account
+[Liv]:Per_60; Strab_3'167,(5.1)  '168;(5.1)  Flor_1.43'1-6; ~Oros_5.13'1; { CAH_9'782; Green_717=122.}
6 PER << Artabanus I of Parthia is killed in battle against the Tocharii and is succeeded by Mithridates II.
Just_42.2'2-3; { OCD_arsacid; OHIH_p170<123/2>; M.R.Shayegan, Arsacids and Sassanians, p116=125.}
7 SYR Antiochus Grypus defeats Alexander Zabinas.
* Read Justin's account
Joseph:AJ_13'269; ~Just_39.2'4-5; +[Euseb]:Chron_257.(↓) 
8 PAL ++ Hyrcanus' kingdom prospers while Zabinas is ruling Syria.
9 SYR Antiochus Grypus captures and kills Alexander Zabinas.
* Read Josephus' account
Diod_34.28'1-3; Joseph:AJ_13'269; Just_39.2'6; +[Euseb]:Chron_257;(↓)  { Green_542; Hölbl_p201.}
10 ROM C.Gracchus passes an agrarian law.
* Read Velleius' account
CIL_1.585'2, '4-6, '10<t= ARS_51>; +[Liv]:Per_60; +Vell_2.6'3; +Plut:CGrac_5'1; Flor_2.3'2; [Vict]:VirIll_65'3; { CAH_9'78; OCD_g.}
11 C.Gracchus passes a law to regulate the conditions of military service.
* Read Plutarch's account
Diod_34.25'1; +Plut:CGrac_5'1; { CAH_9'80; OCD_g.}
12 C.Gracchus passes a law to introduce a corn dole at Rome, despite the opposition of L.Piso.
* Read Cicero's account
Cic:Font_39, :Sest_103, :Tusc_3'48, :Off_2'72; +[Liv]:Per_60; +Vell_2.6'3; +Plut:CGrac_5'2; Flor_2.3'2; Appian:BCiv_1'21;(↓)  [Vict]:VirIll_65'3; Schol:Bob_96, 132;L  { CAH_9'78-79; OCD_g.}
13 C.Gracchus passes a law to transfer the membership of the courts from the senate to the equites.
* Read Plutarch's account
Diod_34.25'1, 37.9'1; +[Liv]:Per_60; +Vell_2.6'3, 13'2; Plin:HN_33'34, '36; +Plut:CGrac_5'2-6'1; Flor_2.5'3; Appian:BCiv_1'22; { CAH_9'80-81; OCD_g.}
14 ITA C.Gracchus encourages the foundation of Roman colonies, especially at Scylacium and Tarentum.
* Read Velleius' account
~Vell_1.15'4, 2.6'3; +Plut:CGrac_6'3, 21'1; Appian:BCiv_1'23; [Vict]:VirIll_65'3; { CAH_9'78; OCD_g.}
15 C.Gracchus oversees the construction of new roads in Italy.
* Read Plutarch's account
+Plut:CGrac_6'3-7'4; Appian:BCiv_1'23; { CAH_9'78.}
15a EGY {3 Thoth -E = September} Document: SelPap_274A, concerning armed conflict between Crocodilopolis and Hermonthis.
16 ROM C.Fannius is elected to be consul, with the help of support from Gracchus.
* Read Plutarch's account
+Plut:CGrac_8'1-2, 11'4; { CAH_9'82.}
17 Elections for new tribunes at Rome: C.Gracchus is re-elected.
* Read Velleius' account
+Vell_2.6'3; +Plut:CGrac_8'2; Appian:BCiv_1'21;(↓)  { CAH_9'82; OCD_g.}
17a EGY {12 Phaophi -E = November} Document: AET_7.27'D, an oath concerning a debt owed to a dead woman.
18 ROM == Sex.Julius Caesar, as praetor, refuses to allow an action to proceed against an heir for breach of contract.
[Cic]:RhetHer_2'19; { MRR_1'513.}
19 >> The Lex Rubria authorizes the founding of a colony at Carthage.
* Read Plutarch's account
CIL_1.585'36<t= ARS_51>; Plut:CGrac_10'2; { CAH_9'28; Green_717.}
20 NUM == Micipsa allegedly becomes senile and incompetent to rule.
~Sall:Jug_11'5; { Five years before his death.}
21 ETR == Document: CIL_1.657, a milestone of T.Quinctius.
22 ITA == Document: CIL_1.643-645, pillars marking the boundary of an estate.
23 ROM == P.Scaevola, the pontifex maximus, rules that a shrine dedicated by the vestal Licinia is not properly consecrated.
24 ?? M.Scaurus receives a tiny inheritance from his father.

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