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104 B.C. Olympiad 169.1


Consuls: C. Marius C.f. II, C. Flavius C.f. Fimbria
Athenian archon: Heracleides
Olympic victor in the stadion race: Nicodemus of Lacedaemon

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    Click on the links in the lists of references to go to the sources for each event

1 ROM {Jan 1 -R} The triumph of Marius, after which Jugurtha is put to death.
* Read Plutarch's account
[Cic]:RhetHer_4'23; #Sall:Jug_114'3; ~[Liv]:Per_67; +CIL_6.41024; #Vell_2.12'1; ValMax_6.9'14;L  Plin:HN_33'12;L  #Plut:Mar_12'3-4, :Sull_3'7; Flor_1.36'17; DioCass_48.4'5-6; Just_38.6'6; [Vict]:VirIll_67'1;L  Oros_5.15'19;L  { CAH_9'785; OCD_m.}
1a Marius enters a meeting of the senate in his triumphal robes.
~[Liv]:Per_67; +CIL_6.41024; Plut:Mar_12'5.
2 ITA Minor slave uprisings at Nuceria and Capua.
~Diod_36.2'1-2a'1; +Obseq_43; { Green_556.}
3 SIC The Sicilian slaves rebel against the praetor Licinius Nerva, but are defeated by C.Titinius.
* Read Dio's account
~Diod_36.1'1, 3'1-6; DioCass_fr.93'1-3; !Hieron:Chron_1918; { CAH_9'26; Green_719.}
4 The slaves defeat a Roman army, and appoint Salvius as their leader.
~Diod_36.4'1-8.
5 PAL ?? A dispute between John Hyrcanus and the Pharisees.
* Read Josephus' account
Joseph:AJ_13'288-298, '408.
6 ++ General comments on the prosperous reign of John Hyrcanus as king and high priest.
* Read Josephus' account
Joseph:BJ_1'67-69, :AJ_18'91-92.
7 The death of John Hyrcanus of Judaea, and the accession of Aristobulus, who assumes the title of "king".
* Read Josephus' account
Joseph:BJ_1'70-71, :AJ_11'111, ~13'299-301, 20'240-241; Tac:Hist_5'8; [Euseb]:Chron_129; ChronPasc_452'A, 464'C, 509'B; +Hieron:Chron_1913; Sulpit_2'26; August:DeCiv_18'45;(↓↓)  ExcBarb_47A; ChronSynt_95;(↓)  { CAH_9'291; OCD_hasmoneans.}
8 ROM The senate removes the quaestor Saturninus from control of the corn supply.
* Read Cicero's account
Cic:HarResp_43, :Sest_39; Diod_36.12'1; { OCD_s<105?>; MRR_1'560.}
9 SPA The Cimbri invade Spain.
* Read Livy's account
~[Liv]:Per_67; +Plut:Mar_14'1; +Obseq_43.
10 MAC The Romans defeat a band of Thracians in Macedonia.
* Read St.Jerome's account
+Obseq_43; !Hieron:Chron_1917.
11 NAR Sulla captures Copillus, the leader of the Tectosages.
+Plut:Sull_4'1-2.
12 SIC Athenion starts another slave uprising, and joins up with Salvius, who assumes the title of Tryphon.
* Read Florus' account
~Diod_36.5'1-4, 7'1-4; Flor_2.7'9-10; { OCD_t.}
13 PAL Aristobulus conquers the Ituraeans.
~Joseph:AJ_13'318-319; { CAH_9'293.}
13a EGY {23 Epeiph -E = August} Document: OGIS_175, the dedication of a road at Socnopaei Nesus.
14 NAR Trebonius is accused of the murder of C.Lusius, but is acquitted by Marius.
* Read Plutarch's account
Cic:Mil_9; [Cic]:AdOct_10;L  ValMax_6.1'12;L  +Plut:Mar_14'4-8, :Mor_202'B-C; Schol:Bob_114.L 
15 PAL Aristobulus kills his mother and his brother Antigonus.
* Read Josephus' account
Joseph:BJ_1'71-80, ~:AJ_13'302-313, '317.
16 The start of the era of Ascalon.
+ChronPasc_448'B.
17 ROM Saturninus is elected tribune.
Diod_36.12'1.
18 Marius is elected consul again.
* Read Livy's account
~[Liv]:Per_67; CIL_6.41024; Plut:Mar_14'9.
19 << The first performance of "Tereus", a play written by Accius.
~Cic:Phil_1'36; { OCD_a..}
20 << L.Philippus, as tribune, proposes a controversial agrarian law.
Cic:Off_2'73; { OCD_f<105?>; MRR_1'560.}
21 == Silanus is prosecuted by Cn.Domitius, but is acquitted.
* Read Cicero's account
Cic:DivCaec_67, :Verr_2.2'118; +Ascon_80-81;L  { CAH_9'93.}
22 == Scaurus is prosecuted by Cn.Domitius, and is also acquitted.
* Read Cicero's account
Cic:Scaur_fr'c, :Deiot_31; ValMax_6.5'5;L  Ascon_21;L  Plut:Mor_91'D; DioCass_fr.92'1; { OCD_d.}
23 == Cn.Domitius passes a law for new priests to be elected by the people.
* Read Cicero's account
Cic:LegAgr_2'18-19; Vell_2.12'3; Suet:Ner_2'1; DioCass_37.37'1; { CAH_9'94; OCD_d.}
24 == C.Marius reforms the Roman army.
* Read Plutarch's account
+Plin:HN_10'16;L  Frontin:Str_4.1'7; +Plut:Mar_13'1-14'3; Gell_16.10'14.
25 == L.Cassius passes a law to remove Caepio from the senate.
+Ascon_78;L  { CAH_9'93.}
26 == Marius seeks aid from Bithynia.
~Diod_36.3'1; { CAH_9'35; Green_556.}
27 ETR == Omens, including the appearance of armies fighting in the sky near Ameria and Tuder, and the miraculous restoration of an elm tree at Nuceria.
* Read Plutarch's account
Plin:HN_2'148,L  16'132;L  Plut:Mar_17'8; +Obseq_43.
28 CIS == The birth of T.Fullonius of Bononia, who is shown by census returns to have lived for 150 years.
~Plin:HN_7'159;L  { Dating back 150 years from the censorship of Claudius in 47 A.D .}
29 LUS == Document: CIL_add.3, recording the surrender of a Spanish community to L.Caesius.

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