101 B.C. Olympiad 169.4

Consuls: C. Marius C.f. V, M'. Aquillius M'.f.
Athenian archon: Medeius

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    Click on the links in the lists of references to go to the sources for each event

1 CIS << The Cimbri develop a taste for Italian luxuries.
* Read Florus' account
Flor_1.38'13; ~DioCass_fr.94'2; +Oros_5.16'14.
2 SIC << Athenion attacks Messana.
3 ROM Omens, including the spontaneous movement of the sacred shields.
* Read Livy's account
~[Liv]:Per_68; Plin:HN_2'148; +Obseq_44a.
4 SPA << A Roman embassy attempts to stifle rebellion in Spain.
5 CIS ?? Marius sacrifices his daughter Calpurnia to ensure victory against the Cimbri.
Plut:Mor_310'D; ClemAl:Protr_3'37.
6 Marius joins up with the army of Catulus.
* Read Plutarch's account
~[Liv]:Per_68; ~Plut:Mar_24'1-25'3; Flor_1.38'14.
7 {30 July -R} Marius and Catulus destroy the Cimbri at Campi Raudii, near Vercellae.
* Read Plutarch's account
~[Liv]:Per_68; Strab_4'193;(3.3)  Vell_2.12'5; ValMax_6.1e'3; Plin:HN_8'143; Frontin:Str_2.2'8; #Plut:Mar_25'4-27'8; Flor_1.38'14-18; Polyaen_8.10'3; +Obseq_44a; [Vict]:VirIll_67'2; Eutrop_5.2'1-2; +Hieron:Chron_1916; +Oros_5.16'14-21; { CAH_9'96; OCD_m.}
8 ++ General comments on Marius' defeat of the Cimbri and Teutones.
* Read Cicero's account
Cic:ProvCon_26, 32; Plut:Caes_18'1; Appian:Ill_4;(↓)  AmmMarc_31.5'12.
9 ROM News of the battle of Vercellae miraculously reaches Rome on the same day.
* Read Florus' account
ValMax_8.15'7; Plin:HN_7'86; Flor_1.38'19-21.
10 CIS Marius grants Roman citizenship to soldiers from Camerinum.
* Read Cicero's account
Cic:Balb_46-48, 50; ValMax_5.2'8; +Plut:Mar_28'3, :Mor_202'C-D; Appian:Hisp_100.
10a AEG << Document: OGIS_372 & 430, statues of Dorylaus and a friend of Mithridates II at Delos .
11 CAP Mithridates murders Ariarathes and installs his own son as king of Cappadocia.
* Read Justin's account
Memn_22'1; Just_38.1'6-10; { CAH_9'141; OCD_a.}
12 SIC Aquillius defeats and kills Athenion.
13 ROM Saturninus is prosecuted for insulting the ambassadors of Mithridates.
~Diod_36.15'1-3; { CAH_9'141.}
14 LUS The Romans subdue the Lusitani.
15 SIC Aquillius defeats the remaining rebel slaves and ends their revolt.
* Read Livy's account
~Diod_36.10'1-3; ~[Liv]:Per_69; Obseq_45; !Hieron:Chron_1921; Schol:Bob_108;L  { CAH_9'96; Green_557.}
16 The Romans capture and destroy the slaves' fortress at Triocala.
Cic:Verr_2.5'10; Silius_14'270.
17 ++ General comments on the slave wars in Sicily, which caused enormous loss of life.
* Read Cicero's account
Cic:Verr_2.3'125, 5'5-7, :LegAgr_2'83; Plut:Mor_637'B;(Q2.3)  Athen_6.272'f-273'a.
18 ROM The triumph of Marius and Catulus.
* Read Plutarch's account
Cic:Tusc_5'56; Diod_38.4'2; ~[Liv]:Per_68; ValMax_3.6'6, 9.12'4; Juvenal_8'249-253, 10'278-282; +Plut:Mar_27'9-10; Flor_1.38'10; [Vict]:VirIll_67'2; Eutrop_5.2'2; +Hieron:Chron_1916; +Oros_5.16'22-24; { CAH_9'785; OCD_c.}
19 NOR The Tigurini retreat after the defeat of the Cimbri.
19a EGY ?? Document: THI_191.A & AET_4.16, the epitaphs of a man from Edfu, who died while fighting in Syria.
20 {Sept./Oct.} The death of Queen Cleopatra, allegedly murdered by her son, Ptolemy Alexander.
* Read Pausanias' account
Paus_1.9'3; Athen_12.550'a; ~[Euseb]:Chron_163;(↓)  { CAH_9'295; Bennett.}
21 ROM Elections for new consuls; Marius is re-elected after working hard to gain popular support.
* Read Plutarch's account
+Vell_2.12'6; +Plut:Mar_28'1-9; { CAH_9'97.}
22 Elections for new tribunes: A.Nunnius, one of the candidates, is murdered by supporters of Saturninus.
* Read Appian's account
Diod_36.15'3; ~[Liv]:Per_69; ValMax_9.7'3; +Plut:Mar_20'1; Appian:BCiv_1'28; [Vict]:VirIll_73'5; { CAH_9'97.}
23 EGY {2 Choiach -E = December} Document: SelPap_1.29, recording the sale of a house at Pathyris.
23a ?? Document: AET_4.18, the statue of a dioiketes with dual Egyptian-Greek identity.
24 ROM ?? The aediles L.Crassus and Q.Scaevola hold magnificent games.
* Read Cicero's account
Cic:Verr_2.4'133, :DeOr_3'92, :Off_2'57; Plin:HN_8'53; { MRR_1'575<105-100>.}
25 == Publicius Malleolus is convicted of matricide.
* Read Anon's account
[Cic]:RhetHer_1'23; ~[Liv]:Per_68; +Oros_5.16'23-24.
26 == Glaucia passes a law on extortion.
* Read Cicero's account
Cic:Verr_2.1'26, :Balb_54, :RabPost_9, :Brut_224; Ascon_21;L  { CAH_9'94; OCD_g.}
27 ?? Sayings of Lucilius about his poetry.
Cic:DeOr_1'72, 2'25.
28 << The death of the poet Lucilius.
!Hieron:Chron_1814; { OCD_l.}
29 Catulus dedicates a temple to Fortuna Huiusce Diei, and uses the booty from the war against the Cimbri to build a portico.
* Read Cicero's account
Cic:Dom_102, 114; Plin:HN_34'54; { OCD_c.}
30 ROM Document: CIL_1.701, an inscription on a wine jar.

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