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91 B.C. Olympiad 172.2


Consuls: L. Marcius Q.f. Philippus, Sex. Julius C.f. Caesar
Athenian archon: Medeius

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    Click on the links in the lists of references to go to the sources for each event

1 ROM Political rivalry between the tribune M.Drusus and Q.Caepio.
* Read Dio's account
Cic:Dom_120; ~Diod_37.10'1-2; ~Vell_2.13'1-3; Plin:HN_28'148,L  33'20;L  +Flor_2.5'4-5; Ampel_26'4;L  DioCass_fr.96'1-3; { OCD_d.}
2 << Caepio unsuccessfully prosecutes Scaurus and (?) Philippus.
* Read Cicero's account
Cic:Font_38, :Scaur_fr'd, 45'f; ValMax_3.7'8;L  Ascon_21;L  +Flor_2.5'5; { ~OCD_s.}
3 Drusus resorts to bribery in an attempt to gain popular support.
* Read Livy's account
~[Liv]:Per_70; +Flor_2.5'6; [Vict]:VirIll_66'5.L 
4 Drusus supports the idea of giving Roman citizenship to the rest of Italy.
* Read Appian's account
~Diod_37.2'2; ~[Liv]:Per_71; Vell_2.14'1; +Flor_2.5'6, 6'3; Appian:BCiv_1'35; Ampel_26'4;L  [Vict]:VirIll_66'4;L  +Oros_5.18'2;L  +Schol:Bob_118;L  { CAH_9'112; OCD_d.}
5 The Marsic leader Q.Poppaedius is a guest at the home of Drusus.
* Read Plutarch's account
ValMax_3.1'2;L  Plut:CatMin_2'1-5; [Vict]:VirIll_80'1.L 
6 Drusus proposes land and corn laws.
* Read Livy's account
~[Liv]:Per_71; +CIL_6.1312; Ampel_19'6l;L  [Vict]:VirIll_66'4,L  '9;L  { CAH_9'112.}
6a Saufeius passes another land law, and Drusus is made one of the five members of its commission.
+CIL_6.1312.
7 Drusus establishes several new Roman colonies in Italy and Sicily.
* Read Appian's account
~Appian:BCiv_1'35, '36; { OCD_d.}
8 Drusus proposes to change the composition of juries to a mixture of senators and equites.
* Read Appian's account
Cic:Clu_153, :RabPost_16; ~Diod_37.10'3; ~[Liv]:Per_71; Ascon_21;L (↓)  +Flor_1.47'9; Appian:BCiv_1'35; [Vict]:VirIll_66'4;L  { CAH_9'111; OCD-d.}
9 Drusus proposes to enrol 300 of the equites into the senate.
* Read Appian's account
~Appian:BCiv_1'35; [Vict]:VirIll_66'4;L  { CAH_9'111.}
10 The Italians plan to murder the consuls at the Latin Festival, but their plot is discovered.
+Flor_2.6'8.
11 Drusus maltreats visitors from Mauretania and Numidia.
[Vict]:VirIll_66'6.L 
12 The laws of Drusus are passed, after Philippus has been restrained by violence, and threats have been made against Caepio.
* Read Florus' account
@  (?) Cic:DeOr_1'24;L  +ValMax_9.5'2;L  +Flor_2.5'7-9; [Vict]:VirIll_66'8.L 
13 Drusus issues silver coins which are debased with an alloy of bronze.
Plin:HN_33'46;L  { CAH_9'633.}
14 CAP << Tigranes invades Cappadocia and drives out Ariobarzanes.
~Just_38.3'1-3; { CAH_9'143; Green_720=93.}
15 PON << Mithridates invades Bithynia, expels Nicomedes IV, and sets up Socrates as king.
* Read Appian's account
Memn_22'5; ~Appian:Mith_10, 13, 57; ~Just_38.3'4; Trog:Prol_38; { CAH_9'787; OCD_n.}
16 ROM {10 September -R} The dramatic setting of Cicero's dialogue "De Oratore".
~Cic:DeOr_1'24-29,L  3'1.L 
17 ?? Crassus, speaking in defence of Cn.Plancus, denounces the extravagance of M.Brutus "the accuser".
* Read Cicero's account
Cic:Clu_140-141, :DeOr_2'220-226,L  :Off_2'50; Quint_6.3'44.
18 ?? Crassus is himself criticised for having a luxurious house and furnishings.
* Read Cicero's account
Cic:Balb_56; Plin:HN_33'147,L  34'14,L  36'7,L  '114.L 
19 ?? Crassus jokingly likens a witness in a court case to a crude picture of a Gaul.
Plin:HN_35'25.L 
20 {13 September -R} L.Crassus, shortly before his death, strongly criticises Philippus in the senate.
* Read Cicero's account
#Cic:DeOr_3'2-8,L  :Brut_303; ValMax_6.2'2;L  Quint_11.1'37; { CAH_9'113; OCD_c.}
21 ++ General comments on the character of Crassus, and his pre-eminence as an orator.
* Read Cicero's account
Cic:Brut_155, 158; (?) Cic:ND_1'58.
22 The senate, on the advice of the consul Philippus, declares the laws of Drusus invalid.
* Read Cicero's account
Cic:Dom_41, 50, :Leg_2'14,L  '31;L  ~Diod_37.10'3; Ascon_68-69.L (↓) 
23 The Italian allies, disappointed by the failure of Drusus, begin to plot against the Romans.
* Read Appian's account
~[Liv]:Per_71; ~Vell_2.15'1; Tac:Ann_3'27; +Flor_2.5'9; Appian:BCiv_1'36; [Vict]:VirIll_66'10-11;L  August:DeCiv_3'26; +Oros_5.18'2.L 
24 Poppaedius attempts to lead 10,000 supporters into Rome, but is persuaded by Domitius to return home.
~Diod_37.13'1-2; { CAH_9'114.}
25 The Italians swear an oath of loyalty to Drusus.
~Diod_37.11'1; { CAH_9'113.}
26 A sarcastic response by Granius when greeted by Drusus.
Cic:Planc_33; Schol:Bob_158.L 
27 ?? Drusus builds a new house on the Palatine.
* Read Velleius' account
Vell_2.14'3; Plut:Mor_800'F.
28 ++ Drusus' personal wealth amounts to over 10,000 pounds of silver.
Plin:HN_33'141.L 
29 {? October -R} Drusus is murdered near his home.
* Read Velleius' account
[Cic]:RhetHer_4'31; Cic:Mil_16, :ND_3'80-81; ~[Liv]:Per_71; ~Vell_2.14'1-2; Sen:Dial_6.16'4, 10.6'1; Suet:Tib_3'2; +Flor_2.5'2, '9; Appian:BCiv_1'36-37; Ampel_19'6,L  26'4;L  [Vict]:VirIll_66'11-13;L  +Oros_5.18'7;L  +Schol:Bob_117-118;L  { CAH_9'113; OCD_d.}
30 ?? Sulla and Marius quarrel over statues erected at Rome by Bocchus, king of Mauretania, and over Sulla's seal depicting Jugurtha.
* Read Plutarch's account
Plut:Sull_6'1-2, :Mar_32'3-6, :Mor_806'C-D; [Vict]:VirIll_75'6.L 
31 ETR The Italians openly revolt against the Romans, and begin to raise armies and appoint generals.
* Read Appian's account
+Diod_37.2'1-2; [Liv]:Per_72; Strab_5'241;(4.2)  +Vell_2.15'1-2; Plut:Mor_321'F; +Flor_2.6'1-7; Appian:BCiv_1'38, '39; +Eutrop_5.3'1; Hieron:Chron_1928; August:DeCiv_5'22; +Oros_5.18'1,L  '10.L 
32 ROM Dire omens portend the atrocities of the Social War.
* Read Plutarch's account
Cic:Div_1'99, 2'59; +Plin:HN_2'199,L  7'34,L  8'221;L  Plut:Sull_6'11-13; +Obseq_54; August:DeCiv_3'23; +Oros_5.18'3-6.L 
33 ETR The praetor Q.Servilius, his legate Fonteius, and other Romans are murdered at Asculum.
* Read Appian's account
Cic:Font_41; Diod_37.12'1-3, 13'2; ~[Liv]:Per_72; +Vell_2.15'1; +Flor_2.6'9; Appian:BCiv_1'38; +Obseq_54; ~Oros_5.18'8;L  Schol:Bob_81;L  { CAH_9'114.}
34 ITA Ser.Galba is captured by the Lucanians, but escapes.
~[Liv]:Per_72.
35 Aesernia and Alba are besieged by the Italians.
* Read Anon's account
[Cic]:RhetHer_2'45; ~[Liv]:Per_72; { CAH_9'120.}
36 ROM The Romans receive aid from the Latin allies and from abroad.
~[Liv]:Per_72.
37 Hortensius makes a speech calling for the restoration of Nicomedes.
Cic:DeOr_3'229.L 
38 The praetor Q.Pompeius prevents Q.Fabius from spending his inheritance, because of his profligacy.
Cic:Tusc_1'81;L  ValMax_3.5'2;L  { OCD_p.}
39 ++ L.Lucullus receives a thorough education in Greek and Latin.
Plut:Luc_1'4-8.
40 ?? L.Lucullus secures the conviction of Servilius, who had prosecuted Lucullus' father.
* Read Plutarch's account
Cic:Acad_2'1;L  Plut:Luc_1'1-3; { This happened while Lucullus was still young, before the Social War.}
41 ?? Cicero shows signs of great ability while still at school.
Plut:Cic_2'2-3.
42 ASI ?? C.Julius Caesar goes to Asia as proconsul.
CIL_6.1311; { MRR_2'13, 16.}
43 AFR == Document: CIL_1.707, an inscription set up by Q Marcius Protomachus, a doctor.

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