86 B.C. Olympiad 173.3

Consuls: L. Cornelius L.f. Cinna (II), C. Marius C.f. (VII)
Athenian archon: Hierophantes

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    Click on the links in the lists of references to go to the sources for each event

1 ROM {1 Jan -R} Marius orders the murder of Sex.Lucilius.
* Read Livy's account
#[Liv]:Per_80; ~Vell_2.24'2; +Plut:Mar_45'3; DioCass_fr.102'12; { CAH_9'179; MRR_2'33.}
2 Cinna and Sertorius massacre the freed slaves, who had been responsible for many violent crimes.
* Read Appian's account
Plut:Sert_5'7, :Mar_44'10; Appian:BCiv_1'74; ~Oros_5.19'24; { CAH_9'179.}
3 ?? An eagle provides an omen for Marius at Arpinum.
* Read Cicero's account
Cic:Leg_1'1-3,L  :Div_1'106.
4 ?? Marius undergoes an operation for varicose veins.
* Read Plutarch's account
Cic:Tusc_2'35, '53; Plin:HN_11'252;L  Plut:Mar_6'5-7, :Mor_202'B.
5 ?? Marius builds a villa near Misenum, which earns the admiration of Sulla.
6 ++ Marius always drinks from the same tankard.
ValMax_3.6'6; Plin:HN_33'150; Plut:Mor_461'E.
7 ++ General comments on the warlike and uncouth character of Marius.
* Read Plutarch's account
[Liv]:Per_80; ValMax_2.2'3, 6.9'14; Plut:Luc_38'3, :Sull_30'6, :Mar_2'1-4, :Mor_553'A; August:DeCiv_2'23;(↓↓)  Schol:Bob_176.L 
8 {13 Jan -R} The death of C.Marius.
* Read Plutarch's account
Cic:ND_3'81; Diod_37.29'3-4; #[Liv]:Per_80; +Vell_2.23'1; Lucan_2'74, '130-133; #Plut:Mar_45'4-46'6; Flor_2.9'17; +Appian:BCiv_1'75; [Vict]:VirIll_67'6; +Oros_5.19'23; { CAH_9'179; OCD_m.}
9 Fimbria attempts to murder Scaevola at Marius' funeral, and then prosecutes him.
* Read Cicero's account
Cic:RoscAm_33; ValMax_9.11'2; { CAH_9'179; OCD_f.}
10 ETR {Jan -R} Document: CIL_1.713, recording the cleaning of an aqueduct at Cales.
11 ROM Flaccus is appointed consul in place of Marius.
* Read Appian's account
+Vell_2.23'2; Plut:Sull_20'1; +Appian:Mith_51, +:BCiv_1'75; { CAH_9'181; OCD_f.}
12 GRE << Lucullus sets sail for Egypt, to try to collect warships for Sulla.
* Read Plutarch's account
Plut:Luc_2'3-4; ~Appian:Mith_33, 51; { CAH_9'153; Hölbl_p212.}
13 PEL << Sulla despoils the temples at Olympia, Epidaurus, and Delphi, and steals other treasures to provide funds for his army.
* Read Plutarch's account
~Diod_38.7'1; ~Plut:Sull_12'5-14; Paus_9.33'6, 10.21'6; Aelian:Fr_53; Suda_T'556; { CAH_9'154.}
14 The sacred lamp at Athens loses its flame.
* Read Plutarch's account
~Plut:Sull_13'3, :Num_9'12.
15 The Athenians yell out insults against Sulla and his wife Metella.
* Read Plutarch's account
Plut:Sull_2'2, 6'23, ~13'1, :Mor_505'B.
16 Aristion unsuccessfully attempts to reach terms as the Athenians start to suffer from the siege.
17 ITA {5 Feb -R} Document: CIL_1.891, a tessera from near Capua.
18 GRE Munatius defeats Neoptolemus at Chalcis.
19 Inconclusive fighting between Archelaus and the Romans at Peiraeus.
* Read Appian's account
Frontin:Str_1.11'20; ~Appian:Mith_34-37; Gell_15.1'4-7; +Obseq_56b.
20 {1 March -R = Anthesterion -G} Sulla captures Athens.
* Read Plutarch's account
Diod_38.6'1; ~[Liv]:Per_81; #Plut:Sull_14'1-10, 43'5, :Mor_505'A-B; Flor_1.40'10; ~Appian:Mith_38; Paus_1.20'4, '6; +Obseq_56b; +Hieron:Chron_1931; Oros_6.2'5; { CAH_9'154; Green_563.}
21 Sulla punishes the Athenians, but allows them to keep their freedom.
* Read Appian's account
~[Liv]:Per_81; Strab_9'398;(1.20)  Memn_22'11; Plut:Luc_19'5, :Sull_43'5, :Mor_202'E; Flor_1.40'10; ~Appian:Mith_38.(↓) 
22 ++ The cruelty of Aristion as tyrant of Athens.
* Read Velleius' account
Vell_2.23'4-5; Athen_5.214'b-d.
23 The acropolis is captured, and Aristion is killed.
* Read Appian's account
Strab_9'398;(1.20)  +Plut:Sull_14'11-12, 23'3; ~Appian:Mith_39; Paus_1.20'6-7, 9.33'6; GranLic_24; { CAH_9'154.}
23a EGY {12 Phamenoth -E = March} A festival is held in Memphis, (?) for the 30th jubilee of Ptolemy IX.
AET_9.1'L; { Hölbl_p212.}
24 MAC Arcathias and Taxiles, the generals of Mithridates, overrun Macedonia.
* Read Appian's account
~[Liv]:Per_82; Memn_22'12; ~Appian:Mith_35, 41; { CAH_9'153.}
25 << The Thracians invade Macedonia again.
* Read Livy's account
~[Liv]:Per_81, 82.
26 GRE Sulla captures Peiraeus, but Archelaus escapes by sea.
* Read Appian's account
Strab_9'396,(1.15)  14'654;(2.9)  Vell_2.23'3; +Plut:Sull_14'13, 42'7; Flor_1.40'10; ~Appian:Mith_40-41; [Vict]:VirIll_75'7; Eutrop_5.6'1.
27 ROM Flaccus passes a law to cancel the majority of debts.
* Read Cicero's account
Cic:Font_1; Sall:Cat_33'2; +Vell_2.23'3; { CAH_9'180; OCD_f.}
28 GRE Archelaus joins up with Taxiles' army and faces Sulla near Elateia.
* Read Plutarch's account
Memn_22'13; +Plut:Sull_15'1-16'15; ~Appian:Mith_41; Paus_10.34'2, '4, '6.
29 Sulla defeats Archelaus and destroys his army at Chaeroneia.
* Read Plutarch's account
SEG_41.448; ~[Liv]:Per_82; Strab_9'414;(2.37)  Memn_22'13; Plut:Luc_3'6, 11'6, +:Sull_17'1-19'11, 22'7; Flor_1.40'11; ~Appian:Mith_42-45; Paus_1.20'6, 9.40'7; Eutrop_5.6'2; Oros_6.2'5; { CAH_9'154-156; OCD_c.}
30 Sulla punishes the Thebans by confiscating their territory.
* Read Pausanias' account
+Plut:Sull_19'12; Paus_9.7'5-6, 30'1.
30a Document: THI_129, a decree of Thespiae in honour of Q. Bruttius Sura.
31 AS1 Mithridates murders the tetrarchs of Galatia and their families.
* Read Plutarch's account
Plut:Mor_259'A-D; ~Appian:Mith_46, 58; { CAH_9'159.}
32 AEG Zenobius the general of Mithridates forcibly transports the inhabitants of Chios to Pontus.
* Read Appian's account
Syll_785'12-13<t=B  Sherk_108>; Joseph:AJ_16'18; Memn_23'1-2; ~Appian:Mith_46-47; Athen_6.266'd-f; { CAH_9'159.}
33 Archelaus uses his fleet to loot coastal areas and sail to Chalcis.
* Read Appian's account
~Appian:Mith_45; GranLic_25.
34 AS1 The Ephesians capture and kill Zenobius, and declare war on Mithridates.
* Read Appian's account
Syll_742.A; ~Appian:Mith_48; Oros_6.2'8; { CAH_9'159.}
34a ASI Mithridates is appointed "stephanephoros" of Miletus.
35 CYR Lucullus restores stability to Cyrene after a period of revolution.
* Read Josephus' account
Joseph:AJ_14'114-118<q" Strab>; ~Plut:Luc_2'4-5.
36 EGY Ptolemy cruelly suppresses a revolt by the inhabitants of Thebes.
~Paus_1.9'3; { OCD_p; Green_721.}
37 SYR << Antiochus Dionysus is proclaimed king at Damascus.
* Read Josephus' account
~Joseph:AJ_13'387; (?) Malal_208, 211; { CAH_8'517; Green_721.}
38 MAC Flaccus marches through Macedonia after being appointed by the senate to take command of the war against Mithridates.
* Read Plutarch's account
Memn_24'1; +Plut:Sull_20'1-3; +Appian:Mith_51, :BCiv_1'75; { CAH_9'157; OCD_f.}
39 AS1 Mithridates savagely punishes his opponents at Smyrna, Lesbos, Pergamon, Adramyttium, and elsewhere, and plunders the cities of Asia.
* Read Appian's account
Cic:Verr_2.2'51, :Flac_59; ~[Liv]:Per_82; ~Appian:Mith_48; Oros_6.2'8.
39a Atrocities committed by Diodorus at Adramyttium, on behalf of Mithridates.
Phld:Acad_35;B  Strab_13'614.(1.66) 
40 GRE Mithridates sends another army to Greece under the command of Dorylaus, but it is defeated by Sulla at Orchomenus.
* Read Plutarch's account
~[Liv]:Per_82; Frontin:Str_2.3'17, 8'12; Plut:Luc_3'6, 11'6, ~:Sull_20'3-21'6, 22'7; Flor_1.40'11; ~Appian:Mith_49; GranLic_24, '25; Polyaen_8.9'2; [Vict]:VirIll_75'7; Eutrop_5.6'2; AmmMarc_16.12'41; Oros_6.2'6; { CAH_9'154, '158; Green_721.}
41 Sulla storms the camp of his opponents and slaughters most of them; Archelaus escapes by hiding in a swamp.
* Read Appian's account
~Plut:Sull_21'7-8, 26'7; ~Appian:Mith_50; GranLic_25-26; Eutrop_5.6'2; Oros_6.2'7.
42 GRE {Bucatius -G = August/Sept.} Document: Burstein_82B  (Syll_738), a decree of Delphi in honour of Polygnota, after the Pythian games were cancelled.
43 Lucullus is greeted warmly by Ptolemy, but given little material help.
* Read Plutarch's account
Cic:Arch_11, :Acad_2'4, '11-12, '61; ~Plut:Luc_2'6-3'1; [Vict]:VirIll_74'2; { CAH_9'317; Hölbl_p212.}
44 THR Flaccus quarrels with his legate C.Fimbria.
* Read Diodorus' account
Diod_38.8'1-2; Memn_24'2; Appian:Mith_51-52;(↓)  DioCass_fr.104'3-5.
45 ROM Cinna is re-elected consul for the following year.
* Read Appian's account
Appian:BCiv_1'75; [Vict]:VirIll_69'3; { OCD_c.}
46 MAC Sulla takes his army to Thessaly for the winter.
~Appian:Mith_51; { CAH_9'158.}
47 Sulla and Archelaus start to negotiate about peace terms.
* Read Appian's account
~[Liv]:Per_82; Memn_25'1; ~Plut:Sull_22'3-9; ~Appian:Mith_54-55; GranLic_26-27; { CAH_9'158.}
48 AS1 The cities of Asia refuse to let Flaccus and his army inside their walls.
48a CIL == Document: SEG_44.1227, a letter from Lucullus to the city of Mopsuestia.
49 ROM << C.Caesar is nominated to be Flamen Dialis.
* Read Velleius' account
Vell_2.43'1; ~Suet:Caes_1'1; { CAH_9'178; ~OCD_c.}
50 == Cn.Pompeius is accused of embezzlement, but acquitted, and marries the daughter of Antistius, the praetor who judged the case.
* Read Plutarch's account
Cic:Brut_230; Seneca:Contr_7.2'6;L  ~Plut:Pomp_4'1-10; { CAH_9'181, '515.}
51 == The censors Philippus and Perperna review the senate.
* Read Cicero's account
Cic:Dom_83-84; +FastCap_p74; ValMax_8.13'4; { CAH_9'180; OCD_p.}
52 == The birth of the historian C.Sallustius Crispus.
* Read ChroniconPaschale's account
ChronPasc_449'A; +Hieron:Chron_1930; { OCD_s; Green_721.}
53 ?? The poet Accius refuses to stand in the presence of C.Caesar.
54 ?? Accius sets up a colossal statue of himself.
55 ?? A saying of Accius, about oratory.
Quint_5.13'43; { OCD_a.}
56 ?? Iaia of Cyzicus is renowned as a female painter, working in Rome.
Plin:HN_35'147-148; { When M.Varro was a young man.}

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