82 B.C. Olympiad 174.3

Consuls: C. Marius C.f., Cn. Papirius Cn.f. Carbo (III)
Athenian archon: Demetrius

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    Click on the links in the lists of references to go to the sources for each event

1 ROM {January 14 -R} The birth of M.Antonius, the future triumvir.
* Read Plutarch's account
#EhrJon:Fast_Jan14; ~Plut:Ant_86'8; Appian:BCiv_5'8; { ~OCD_a.}
2 IT+ << Sulla arranges a treaty with the Italian allies.
~[Liv]:Per_86; { CAH_9'191.}
3 ROM The senate passes a decree to use temple ornaments to provide their soldiers' pay.
4 CIS Sulla sends Pompeius to join Metellus in northern Italy.
5 Metellus defeats Carinas by the river Aesis.
* Read Plutarch's account
~Plut:Pomp_7'6; +Appian:BCiv_1'87; +Oros_5.20'5; { CAH_9'192.}
6 AFR C.Fabius Hadrianus, propraetor in Africa, is burnt to death in a riot at Utica.
* Read Cicero's account
Cic:Verr_2.1'70; ~Diod_38.11'1; ~[Liv]:Per_86; ValMax_9.10'2; ~Oros_5.20'3; { CAH_9'191; MRR_2'49.}
7 SPA Sertorius arrives in Spain; counted by some as the start of the war against Sertorius.
* Read Plutarch's account
Sall:Hist_1'83;L  ~Plut:Sert_6'4-9; Flor_2.10'2; Appian:Hisp_101; Exsuper_49-51; ~Oros_5.23'13.
8 PON Heracleia refuses to take sides in the dispute between Murena and Mithridates.
9 ROM {28 May -R} The birth of M.Caelius Rufus and C.Licinius Calvus, on the same day.
#Plin:HN_7'165; { OCD_calv; OCD_cael<88/7>.}
10 ETR Sulla defeats Marius at Sacriportus, and forces him to take refuge in Praeneste.
* Read Plutarch's account
Sall:Hist_1'30-32; Diod_38.15'1; +[Liv]:Per_87; +Vell_2.26'1; +Plut:Sull_28'7-15; Flor_2.9'23; +Appian:BCiv_1'87; [Vict]:VirIll_68'3,L  75'8;L  +Eutrop_5.8'1; Exsuper_31; +Oros_5.20'6; { CAH_9'192; OCD_m.}
11 CIS Pompeius defeats Marcius at Senae.
+Appian:BCiv_1'88; { CAH_9'193.}
12 ROM The first public performance of the actress Galeria Copiola.
13 ?? Scaevola avoids the expense of speaking in defence of Glabrio.
14 ++ General comments on the character of Q.Scaevola "the Pontifex", a noted expert on Roman law.
* Read Cicero's account
Cic:Top_29, 37, :Off_1'116, 3'62-63, '70, :Att_8.3'6; ValMax_8.12'1; Plin:HN_18'32;L  Quint_12.3'9; Justin:Dig_1.2.2'41-43<q" Pomponius>; Gell_5.19'7.
15 Marius orders a massacre of his opponents at Rome, including C.Carbo and Scaevola.
* Read Appian's account
Cic:Brut_311, :ND_3'80, :Fam_9.21'3; Diod_37.29'5, 38.17'1; +[Liv]:Per_86; +Vell_2.26'2-3; ValMax_9.2'3; Lucan_2'126-129; +Flor_2.9'21; +Appian:BCiv_1'88; [Vict]:VirIll_68'2;L  August:DeCiv_3'28, '29;(↓)  +Oros_5.20'4; { CAH_9'192; OCD_s.}
16 Marius removes a great quantity of gold from the Capitol and elsewhere in Rome, and keeps it at Praeneste.
17 Sulla enters Rome, after handing over command at Praeneste to Q.Ofella.
* Read Dio's account
+[Liv]:Per_87; Plut:Mor_786'D-E; +Appian:BCiv_1'89; DioCass_fr.108'1-2; Eutrop_5.8'1; { CAH_9'193.}
18 ETR Further victories of Sulla, at the river Glanis, Saturnia, and Neapolis.
19 PON Murena invades Pontus, ignoring instructions brought from Rome by Calidius.
* Read Appian's account
+[Liv]:Per_86; Memn_26'3; ~Appian:Mith_65'
20 SAR L.Philippus wins over Sardinia for Sulla.
~[Liv]:Per_86; { CAH_9'191.}
20a PEL Document: IG_4.2, a decree of Megara about measures to recover from war and pirate raids.
21 PAL << Alexander Jannaeus attacks his neighbours on the east side of the river Jordan, and captures Dium, Essa, Gaulana, Seleuceia, and Gamala.
* Read Josephus' account
Joseph:BJ_1'104-105, ~:AJ_13'393-394; +Hieron:Chron_1934.
22 ETR An indecisive battle between Sulla and Carbo at Clusium.
* Read Appian's account
~[Liv]:Per_88; +Vell_2.28'1; Plin:HN_8'221; +Appian:BCiv_1'89.(↓) 
23 Pompeius defeats Carinas near Spoletium, and then ambushes a detachment under Marcius.
* Read Appian's account
+Appian:BCiv_1'90; +Oros_5.20'7; { CAH_9'193.}
24 Sulla fortifies the approaches to Praeneste, and stops an attempt by the Samnites to reach Marius.
* Read Appian's account
+[Liv]:Per_87; +Appian:BCiv_1'90.(↓) 
25 CIS A failed night attack on Metellus at Faventia.
* Read Appian's account
~[Liv]:Per_88; +Vell_2.28'1; +Appian:BCiv_1'91; +Oros_5.20'7.
26 M.Lucullus defeats Quinctius at Fidentia.
* Read Plutarch's account
~[Liv]:Per_88; +Vell_2.28'1; Plut:Luc_37'1, :Sull_27'14-17; +Appian:BCiv_1'92; +Oros_5.20'5; { CAH_9'194.}
27 AS1 << Murena deposes Moagetes, tyrant of Cibyra.
28 PON Mithridates defeats Murena and forces him to retreat to Phrygia.
* Read Appian's account
Memn_26'4; ~Appian:Mith_65-66; { Green_722.}
29 CIS Albinovanus murders the officers of Norbanus, who escapes to Rhodes.
+Appian:BCiv_1'91; { CAH_9'194.}
30 ETR Carbo flees to Africa, and the remains of his army are crushed by Pompeius.
* Read Appian's account
Sall:Hist_1'33;L  ~[Liv]:Per_88; +Plut:Sull_28'17; +Appian:BCiv_1'92; [Vict]:VirIll_75'8;L  +Eutrop_5.8'2; Exsuper_52; { CAH_9'194; OCD_c.}
31 PON Mithridates offers a huge sacrifice to Zeus Stratios, to celebrate his victory.
32 ROM {1 Nov. -R} Pontius Telesinus marches on Rome with the Samnite army, but is defeated and killed by Sulla at the Colline Gate.
* Read Plutarch's account
Sall:Hist_1'34;L  ~[Liv]:Per_88, :EpOx_fr.a'230-232;L  Strab_5'249;(4.11)  #Vell_2.27'1-3; ValMax_1.2'3; Lucan_2'135-138; Frontin:Str_1.11'11; ~Plut:Sull_29'1-30'1, :Crass_6'6; Flor_2.9'22-23; +Appian:BCiv_1'92-93;(↓)  +Eutrop_5.8'1; +Oros_5.20'9; { CAH_9'194-195; OCD_p.}
33 Sulla orders the massacre of at least 3,000 Samnite prisoners.
* Read Dio's account
~[Liv]:Per_88; ~Strab_5'249;(4.11)  ValMax_9.2'1; Sen:Ben_5.16'3; Plut:Sull_30'2-6; Flor_2.9'24-25; +Appian:BCiv_1'93;(↓)  Ampel_42'3; ~DioCass_fr.109'1-7; (?) AnthPal_7'312<q" Quadratus>; [Vict]:VirIll_75'10;L  August:DeCiv_3'28; ~Oros_5.21'1; { CAH_9'195.}
34 ?? Sulla rewards inhabitants of Spain, Gaul and Sicily, including Ariston of Massilia and Diodorus of Lilybaeum, with Roman citizenship.
* Read Cicero's account
Cic:Verr_2.4'37, :Balb_50, :Arch_25.
35 ETR ++ General comments on the high losses suffered by both sides during Sulla's civil war.
* Read Appian's account
Einsied_2'32-34; Appian:BCiv_1'82,(↓)  '84, '104;(↓)  Eutrop_5.9'2; Oros_5.22'2-4, 6.14'3.
36 Praeneste is captured and Marius commits suicide: the end of the civil war.
* Read Appian's account
Diod_37.29'4, 38.15'1; ~[Liv]:Per_88; Strab_5'239;(3.11)  FGrH_252'A4; +Vell_2.27'4-6; +ValMax_6.8'2; Lucan_2'193-195; Frontin:Str_2.9'3; Plut:Sull_32'1-2, 33'5, :Mar_46'9; +Appian:BCiv_1'94, '101; [Vict]:VirIll_68'4;L  ~Oros_5.21'8-10; { CAH_9'789; OCD_p.}
37 ROM Sulla assumes the title Felix.
* Read Appian's account
Diod_38.15'1; Liv_30.45'6; +Vell_2.27'5; ValMax_6.4'4, 9.2'1; Sen:Dial_6.12'6; Plin:HN_7'137; Plut:Sull_34'3-4, :Mor_318'D, 542'F; ~Appian:BCiv_1'97; [Vict]:VirIll_75'9;L  { CAH_9'199.}
38 Sulla institutes circus games to celebrate his victory.
* Read Velleius' account
+Vell_2.27'6; Ascon_88,L (↓)  93.L 
39 A golden statue is put up of Sulla on horseback.
Cic:Phil_9'13; Vell_2.61'3; { CAH_9'199.}
40 L.Flaccus passes a law to appoint Sulla dictator and give him autocratic power.
* Read Appian's account
Cic:Verr_2.3'82, :LegAgr_3'5-6, '8, :Leg_1'42,L  :Att_9.15'2; ~[Liv]:Per_89; FGrH_252'A5; Vell_2.28'2; ~Plut:Sull_33'1-2; Appian:BCiv_1'3, ~'98-99; Ampel_18'6; DioCass_36.31'4; ~Oros_5.21'12; { CAH_9'199.}
41 Q.Ofella illegally stands as candidate for the consulship, but he is killed by order of Sulla.
* Read Appian's account
~[Liv]:Per_89; Ascon_91;L  ~Plut:Sull_33'5-6, 40'7; ~Appian:BCiv_1'100, '101; DioCass_37.10'2; { CAH_9'200.}
42 Sulla persuades Pompeius to divorce Antistia and marry Aemilia.
* Read Plutarch's account
Plut:Sull_33'4, ~:Pomp_9'1-4; { CAH_9'196.}
43 SIC M.Perperna organises resistance in Sicily, but leaves when he hears that Pompeius has been sent against him.
* Read Plutarch's account
~Diod_38.14'1; ~Plut:Pomp_10'1-2, 20'6.
44 M.Brutus commits suicide at Lilybaeum.
* Read Livy's account
45 ?? Valerius Soranus discloses the secret name of Rome's guardian deity.
* Read Plutarch's account
Plin:HN_3'65; Plut:Mor_278'F; { This is also mentioned by Servius on Verg:A.1.277.}
46 Pompeius captures and kills Carbo.
* Read Plutarch's account
Sall:Hist_1'44;L  ~[Liv]:Per_89; ValMax_5.3'5, 6.2'8, 9.13'2; Lucan_2'547-548; ~Plut:Pomp_10'4-6; ~Appian:BCiv_1'96;(↓)  Eutrop_5.8'2; ~Oros_5.21'11; { CAH_9'196.}
47 Pompeius puts the poet Q.Valerius Soranus to death after questioning him.
* Read Plutarch's account
~Plut:Pomp_10'7-9; Flor_2.9'26.
48 ITA << M.Aurius is murdered, probably at the instigation of Oppianicus.
Cic:Clu_21-24; { During the civil war in Italy.}
49 ROM ?? L.Catilina is involved in violence and crime while still a young man.
* Read Sallust's account
Sall:Cat_5'1-8, 16'1-3.
50 ?? Q.Fadius Gallus leaves his estate to P.Sextilius Rufus.
Cic:Fin_2'55, '58; { Cicero says this happened when he was young.}
51 ?? Cicero is taken to listen to Pupius Piso.
52 ?? L.Aelius teaches Cicero and Varro.
53 == Varro learns the Greek language.
54 NAR << C.Flaccus awards Roman citizenship to Caburus, a Gallic chieftain.
Caes:BGall_1.47'4; { MRR_2'46.}
55 == L.Scipio goes into exile at Massilia.
Cic:Sest_7; Schol:Bob_126.L 
56 ETR == Document: CIL_1.2510, an inscription in honour of A.Pompeius at Interamna in Umbria.
57 AEG ?? Document: GRA_14965, a memorial for a Rhodian statesman, erected by his grandchildren.

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