66 B.C. Olympiad 178.3

Consuls: M'. Aemilius Lepidus, L. Volcacius Tullus

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    Click on the links in the lists of references to go to the sources for each event

1 ROM {1 January -R} The senate revokes Manilius' law on freedmen's voting rights.
* Read Dio's account
Ascon_45,L  65;L  #DioCass_36.42'3; { CAH_9'338; OCD_m.}
2 L.Lucullus (or Lucceius) turns down an opportunity to govern the province of Sardinia, as propraetor.
~DioCass_36.41'1; { He was praetor in 67 B.C.; see MRR_2'99.}
3 Manilius passes a law to transfer the command of the war against Mithridates to Pompeius; Cicero speaks in support of the law.
* Read Cicero's account
Cic:LegMan_1-71, :Mur_34, :Dom_19; ~[Liv]:Per_100; ~Vell_2.33'1; Ascon_65;L  Quint_2.4'40; Plut:Luc_35'9, ~:Pomp_30'1-5; Appian:Mith_91, 97; +DioCass_36.42'4-43'5; Eutrop_6.12'2; { CAH_9'250-251; OCD_m.}
3a CRE << Metellus organises Crete as a Roman province.
~[Liv]:Per_100; { MRR_2'106.}
3b CYR << Document: Syll_750, an inscription in honour of Lentulus Marcellinus at Cyrene.
3c EGY {Pharmouthi -E = ? April} << Document: THI_85.12, recording the repair of a watering-place in the Egyptian desert.
4 SYR Philippus, relying on support from Azizus the Arab, sets himself up as a rival king of Syria in opposition to Antiochus.
Diod_40.1a'1; { CAH_9'259.}
4a << Q.Marcius Rex visits Antioch, where he negotiates with Philippus and pays for the restoration of the hippodrome.
Malal_225; { MRR_2'101.}
5 PAL << Aristobulus deposes Hyrcanus, and sets himself up as king of Judaea.
* Read Josephus' account
Joseph:BJ_1'120-122, :AJ_14'4-7, '97, 15'41, '177, ~'180; +Hieron:Chron_1950; { Hyrcanus reigned for only three months, before he was ousted by Aristobulus.}
6 ROM Licinius Macer commits suicide after being found guilty in a trial conducted by Cicero.
* Read Plutarch's account
Cic:Att_1.4'2; ValMax_9.12'7; ~Plut:Cic_9'1-3; { CAH_9'340.}
7 Document: Cic:Att_1.4, a letter from Cicero to Atticus.
8 CIL Pompeius receives news of his new command, and starts to prepare for the war against Mithridates.
* Read Plutarch's account
Plut:Pomp_30'6-31'1; +DioCass_36.45'1-2; { CAH_9'251.}
9 Pompeius enters into negotiations with Mithridates, and makes a pact with Phraates the king of Parthia.
* Read Dio's account
~[Liv]:Per_100; +DioCass_36.45'2-5; Just_32.4'6; Festus:Brev_16'3; Oros_6.13'2; { CAH_9'252.}
10 Pompeius re-enrols the Valerian legion, despite its mutinous behaviour in the past.
* Read Dio's account
DioCass_36.16'3, +46'1; Suda_A'2424.
11 GLT ++ General remarks on the eastern campaigns of Lucullus, who despite many successes failed to finish off the war against Mithridates.
* Read Plutarch's account
Cic:Arch_21, :Flac_85, :Acad_2'1, '3; Plut:Luc_36'5-7, 46'1-6, :Sull_27'17, :Pomp_33'5, 38'1; Appian:BCiv_2'9; DioCass_37.7'1; [Vict]:VirIll_76'6.L 
12 Pompeius meets Lucullus in Galatia, and takes charge of the rest of his army.
* Read Plutarch's account
Strab_12'558,(3.33)  '567;(5.2)  Vell_2.33'2; ~Plut:Pomp_31'2-32'3; +DioCass_36.46'1-2, 37.49'4.
13 CAP Pompeius invades Armenia Minor, and forces Mithridates to retreat.
* Read Dio's account
~[Liv]:Per_100; Strab_12'555;(3.28)  ~Plut:Pomp_32'1-3; Flor_1.40'22; ~Appian:Mith_97-98; +DioCass_36.47'1-4.
14 ROM Lucullus returns to Rome; he brings back a new fruit - cherries from the town of Cerisus.
* Read Athenaeus' account
Plin:HN_14'96,L  15'102,L  34'36; Plut:Luc_37'1, :Pomp_46'5; Tert:Apol_11'8; Athen_2.50'f-51'a; AmmMarc_22.8'16; { CAH_9'341.}
14a The grammarian Tyrannion of Amisus is brought to Rome by Lucullus.
15 Lucullus divorces his wife Clodia, accusing her of incest with her brother Clodius.
Cic:Mil_73; Plut:Luc_38'1; Schol:Bob_91.
16 PAL Antipater persuades Hyrcanus to take refuge with Aretas, the king of the Arabs.
* Read Josephus' account
Joseph:BJ_1'123-125, '274, '276, :AJ_14'8-16, '372.
17 CAP Pompeius inflicts a severe defeat on Mithridates, in a battle fought at night time.
* Read Dio's account
Cic:Mur_34; Vell_2.37'1-2; ValMax_4.6e'2; Frontin:Str_1.1'7, 2.1'12, 2'2; ~Plut:Pomp_32'4-17; Flor_1.40'22-24; ~Appian:Mith_99-101; +DioCass_36.48'1-49'8; Festus:Brev_16'1; Eutrop_6.12'2; Oros_6.4'3-6; { CAH_9'252.}
18 ARM Tigranes refuses to offer refuge to Mithridates.
* Read Velleius' account
Vell_2.37'2; ~Plut:Pomp_32'18; +DioCass_36.50'1.
19 ROM Memmius accuses M.Lucullus of misconduct as quaestor.
~Plut:Luc_37'1; { CAH_9'341.}
20 CAP Mithridates escapes from Pompeius and sets off towards the kingdom of Bosporus.
* Read Appian's account
Cic:Mur_34; ~[Liv]:Per_101; Plut:Luc_46'2; Flor_1.40'25; ~Appian:Mith_101; +DioCass_36.50'2; Festus:Brev_16'1; { CAH_9'253; Mithridates did not arrive in Bosporus until the summer of the next year.}
21 Pompeius founds the city of Nicopolis on the site of his victory over Mithridates.
* Read Dio's account
Strab_12'555;(3.28)  Appian:Mith_105, 115; +DioCass_36.50'3, 49.39'3; Oros_6.4'7; { OCD_n.}
22 ARM Tigranes faces a revolt by his son, who receives assistance from Phraates of Parthia.
* Read Dio's account
~[Liv]:Per_100; +DioCass_36.51'1-2, !37.6'4; { CAH_9'252, '263.}
23 ROM Q.Cicero is elected aedile for the following year.
Cic:QFr_1.3'8; { OCD_c.}
24 Servius and Murena are rival candidates in the election of praetors.
* Read Cicero's account
Cic:Mur_35, 37.
25 Sulla and Paetus, the consuls elected for the following year, are convicted of bribery, and disqualified.
* Read Cicero's account
Cic:Sull_73-74, 90-91; +Sall:Cat_18'2; Cic:Fin_2'62; (?) Cic:Fam_15.19'3; ~[Liv]:Per_101; Ascon_88;L  Suet:Caes_9'1; +DioCass_36.44'3, 37.25'3; Schol:Bob_83;L  { CAH_9'340; OCD_s.}
26 Q.Gallius is accused of bribery by Calidius, and is defended by Cicero.
* Read Cicero's account
QCic:Pet_19;(5)  Cic:Brut_277-279; Ascon_88.L 
27 Memmius prevents L.Lucullus from celebrating a triumph.
Plut:Luc_37'2-3; { CAH_9'341-342; OCD_m.}
28 ARM Tigranes' son deserts to the Romans.
* Read Plutarch's account
Vell_2.37'3; (?) ValMax_9.11e'3; Joseph:AJ_14'29; ~Plut:Pomp_33'1; +DioCass_36.51'3; { OCD_t.}
29 Pompeius meets Tigranes near Artaxata, and reinstates him as king of Armenia, without any other territories; Tigranes' son is kept as a prisoner.
* Read Dio's account
Cic:Sest_58; ~[Liv]:Per_101; Strab_11'530,(14.10)  16'747;(1.24)  Vell_2.37'4-5; ValMax_5.1'9, '10; Plut:Luc_46'2-3, ~:Pomp_33'2-7, 83'3, :Mor_336'D-E; Flor_1.40'27; Appian:Mith_104-105; +DioCass_36.52'1-53'5; Festus:Brev_16'2; [Vict]:VirIll_77'5;L  Eutrop_6.13'1; Malal_211; { CAH_9'253; OCD_t.}
30 PON Menophilus kills Drypetina, the daughter of Mithridates, to prevent her being captured by the Romans.
* Read Ammianus' account
ValMax_1.8e'13; AmmMarc_16.7'9-10.
31 ROM Clodius accuses Catilina of extortion while governor of Africa, and prevents him from standing as a candidate for consul.
* Read Sallust's account
Sall:Cat_18'3; Ascon_66,L  89;L  { CAH_9'340; OCD_cat.}
32 {about 5 December -R} Catilina and others allegedly form an abortive plot against Cotta and Torquatus, the newly elected consuls for the following year.
* Read Sallust's account
#Cic:Cat_1'14-15, :Mur_81, +:Sull_11-14, 67-68; #Sall:Cat_18'1-5; [Liv]:Per_101; Ascon_83,L (↓)  92;L  Suet:Caes_9'1-2; +DioCass_36.44'3-5; Schol:Bob_77-78;L  { CAH_9'342; OCD_cat.}
33 {December -R} Cicero puts off the prosecution of Manilius until after the end of the year.
* Read Plutarch's account
#Plut:Cic_9'4-6; +DioCass_36.44'1-2; { CAH_9'342.}
34 ARM Pompeius places his army in winter quarters, near the river Cyrnus in the district of Anaitis.
35 {December} Oroeses, the king of the Albanians, makes an unsuccessful attack on Pompeius' winter quarters.
* Read Dio's account
~[Liv]:Per_101; ~Plut:Pomp_34'1-6; #DioCass_36.54'1-5, 37.4'4; Festus:Brev_16'3; Oros_6.4'8; { CAH_9'256; at the time of the Saturnalia.}
36 AS1 == T.Aufidius is a good governor of Asia, despite his humble background.
* Read Cicero's account
Cic:Flac_45; ValMax_6.9'7; { MRR_2'106.}
37 SYR == M.Cato visits Antioch and other places in the eastern provinces.
* Read Plutarch's account
Plut:CatMin_12'1-15'4, ~:Pomp_40'1-7; Julian:Mis_358'A-359'A; { Cato probably went to Syria after he was military tribune and before he was quaestor.}
37a ?? Ariston of Alexandria moves from the Academic to the Peripatetic school of philosophy.
Phld:Acad_35;B  { Probably soon after the death of Antiochus of Ascalon.}
38 ROM == Document: Cic:Clu_, Cicero's speech defending A.Cluentius against a charge of murder.
* Read Cicero's account
Cic:Brut_271; Quint_2.17'21; { OCD_clu.}
39 == Cicero takes part in regular practice sessions in oratory throughout his year as praetor.
* Read Suetonius' account
Cic:Cael_9-10; Quint_12.11'6; Suet:Gram_7, :Rhet_1; Macrob:Sat_3.12'8.L 
40 == Cicero trades insults with Vatinius during a legal case.
41 == Legal definitions made by C.Aquillius Gallus, Cicero's colleague as praetor.
Cic:ND_3'74, :Top_32, :Off_3'60-61; { OCD_a.}
42 == C.Aquillius prevents Otacilia from reclaiming a pretended loan.
43 == The Cominii brothers accuse C.Cornelius before the praetor P.Cassius, but they abandon the trial after a riot by Cornelius' supporters.
+Ascon_59-60;L  { CAH_9'339.}

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