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65 B.C. Olympiad 178.4


Consuls: L. Aurelius M.f. Cotta, L. Manlius L.f. Torquatus

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    Click on the links in the lists of references to go to the sources for each event

1 ROM {5 February -R} Catilina forms another plot against the consuls, but fails to carry it through.
#Sall:Cat_18'6-9; { CAH_9'342.}
2 Cato returns to Rome, accompanied by the philosopher Athenodorus.
* Read Plutarch's account
Plin:HN_7'113;L  Plut:CatMin_10'1-3, :Mor_777'A; DiogLaert_7'34; { Cato returned in time to be elected quaestor for 64 B.C.}
3 SPA Catilina's accomplice Piso is sent as quaestor to eastern Spain, where he dies.
* Read Sallust's account
~Sall:Cat_19'1-5; CIL_1.749; Ascon_92,L (↓)  93;L  Suet:Caes_9'3; DioCass_36.44'5; { CAH_9'342.}
4 ROM Manilius, the tribune of the previous year, is brought to trial and convicted.
+Ascon_60,L  65;L  Schol:Bob_119;L  { CAH_9'343; OCD_m.}
5 EXT Pompeius attacks Artoces, king of the Iberians, and forces him to surrender.
* Read Dio's account
Strab_11'491,(1.6)  '501;(3.5)  Vell_2.40'1; ~Plut:Pomp_34'6-8; Flor_1.40'28; Appian:Mith_103; +DioCass_37.1'1-2'7; Festus:Brev_16'3; Eutrop_6.14'1; ~Oros_6.4'8;L  { CAH_9'256.}
6 ROM C.Cornelius is again accused of treason, but he is defended by Cicero and acquitted.
* Read Cicero's account
Cic:Vat_5-6, :Brut_271; ValMax_8.5'4;L  +Ascon_57,L  60-62,L  64,L  75,L  79,L (↓)  81,L  82;L  Schol:Bob_144;L  { CAH_9'343-344; OCD_corn.}
7 EXT Pompeius invades Colchis.
* Read Appian's account
Strab_11'491;(1.6)  Flor_1.40'28; ~Appian:Mith_103; +DioCass_37.3'1-3.
8 CHE Mithridates subdues various tribes on his route round the Black Sea, including Heniochi, Achaei, Scythians and Maeotians.
* Read Strabo's account
Strab_11'496;(2.13)  Plut:Pomp_35'1; ~Appian:Mith_102'
10 ROM {? July -R} Document: Cic:Att_1.1 & 1.2, two letters of Cicero to Atticus.
11 EXT Pompeius attacks Oroeses, king of the Albanians, and defeats him again.
* Read Dio's account
Strab_11'502;(4.5)  Vell_2.40'1; Frontin:Str_2.3'14; ~Plut:Pomp_35'1-6; +DioCass_37.3'4-4'4; { CAH_9'257.}
12 Pompeius agrees a treaty with the Albanians, and other nations bordering on the Caspian Sea.
* Read Dio's account
Strab_11'491,(1.6)  '503;(5.1)  Plin:HN_6'51;L  Plut:Pomp_34'6, 38'6, :Mor_324'A; Flor_1.40'28; +DioCass_37.5'1; Just_42.3'4; Festus:Brev_16'3; Eutrop_6.14'1.
13 ROM {? September -R} Caesar as aedile spends large amounts of money in order to provide magnificent games.
* Read Suetonius' account
Caes:BCiv_3.16'3; Plin:HN_33'53;L  ~Plut:Caes_5'9; Suet:Caes_10'1-2; Appian:BCiv_2'1; DioCass_37.8'1-2; { CAH_9'344; OCD_c.}
14 Caesar restores Marius' monuments.
* Read Plutarch's account
Vell_2.43'4; ~Plut:Caes_6'1-7; Suet:Caes_11'1; { CAH_9'343.}
15 Catilina is eventually brought to trial by Clodius, but he is acquitted.
* Read Cicero's account
Cic:Att_1.2'1; QCic:Pet_10;(3)  +Cic:Sull_81, :HarResp_42, :Cael_10, 14, :Pis_95; Ascon_9,L  +85-87,L  89,L  92;L  Quint_5.2'4; { CAH_9'345; OCD_clod.}
16 ARM Pompeius rejects a request from the Parthian king Phraates for a treaty, and sends Afranius to occupy Gordyene.
* Read Dio's account
Lucan_8'218-232; Plut:Pomp_33'8, ~36'1-2, :Mor_204'A; +DioCass_37.5'2-6'3; Oros_6.4'9;L  { CAH_9'263.}
17 PON A savage tribe called the Heptacometae slaughter a detachment from Pompeius' army, on the way from Colchis to Pontus.
Strab_12'549.(3.18) 
18 CHE Machares commits suicide, to escape the revenge of his father Mithridates.
~Appian:Mith_102.(↓) 
19 ROM Crassus, as censor, proposes that Egypt should be turned into a Roman province, but is opposed by his colleague Catulus, and by Cicero.
* Read Cicero's account
+Cic:LegAgr_2'44; Strab_17'798;(1.13)  Plut:Crass_13'1; Suet:Caes_11'1; Schol:Bob_91-93; { CAH_9'271; OCD_cras.}
20 The censors disagree over whether the Transpadanes should become Roman citizens, and resign without achieving anything.
* Read Dio's account
Cic:Off_3'88; Plut:Crass_13'1, 35'3; ~DioCass_37.9'3-4; { CAH_9'345-346; OCD_cras.}
21 GRE ++ Atticus gains great popularity amongst the Athenians, during his long stay in their city.
Nepos:Att_2'3-3'3, 4'3.
22 Atticus leaves Athens and returns home to Rome.
+Nepos:Att_4'5.
23 ITA {8 December -R} The poet Horatius is born at Venusia.
* Read St.Jerome's account
Hor:Epod_13'6, +:Od_3.21'2; #[Suet]:Hor_h; +Hieron:Chron_1952, 2008; { OCD_h.}
24 ROM == Omens; a statue of Romulus and Remus is struck by lightning.
* Read Cicero's account
Cic:Cat_3'19-20, :Div_1'19-20; ~DioCass_37.9'1-2; Obseq_61; August:DeCiv_2'27; { CAH_9'344.}
25 == The Lex Papia bars aliens from living in Rome.
* Read Dio's account
Cic:Arch_10, :Balb_52, :Off_3'47; ValMax_3.4'5;L  ~DioCass_37.9'5; Schol:Bob_175; { CAH_9'344-345; OCD_lex.}
26 == Murena, as praetor, seeks popularity by organising public shows.
* Read Cicero's account
Cic:Mur_37-38, 41-42; Plin:HN_33'53;L  { MRR_2'109.}
27 ?? Q.Mucius is accused of theft by L.Calenus, but he is defended by Cicero.
Ascon_86.L 
28 ?? The creation of the Actio Serviana, a procedure in Roman law.
Gaius:Inst_4'35;L  Justin:Dig_20.1.3'1, 21.2.66'1<q" Papinian>; Justin:Dig_10.2'29, 20.1'7<q" Paulus>; Justin:Dig_10.4.3'3, 20.1.10'1<q" Ulpian>; { CAH_9'562.}
29 AEG ?? Apollonius Molon allegedly commits outrages against women and children.
Joseph:Ap_2'270; { Apollonius visited Rome for the first time in 87 B.C.; he is last heard of in 74 B.C.}

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