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36 B.C. Olympiad 186.1


Consuls: L. Gellius L.f. Poplicola , M. Cocceius Nerva
Athenian archon: (?) Asclepiodorus
Olympic victor in the stadion race: Scamander of Alexandria Troas

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    Click on the links in the lists of references to go to the sources for each event

1 GRE {31 January} The birth of Antonia Minor, the daughter of Antonius and Octavia.
EhrJon:Fast_Jan31; { OCD_a.}
2 SYR << Antonius marries Cleopatra.
Strab_17'797;(1.11)  Eutrop_7.6'2; { CAH_10'30; Hölbl_p242,n99; the date is uncertain.}
3 << Antonius re-distributes the territory of the kings in Cappadocia, Pontus and Cilicia.
* Read Dio's account
Strab_12'534,(1.2)  '535,(1.4)  '540,(2.11)  '543,(3.6)  '547,(3.14)  14'669,(5.3)  '671;(5.6)  ValMax_9.15e'2;L  Tac:Ann_2'42; Plut:Ant_36'2-7; +DioCass_49.32'1-5; { CAH_10'28-29.}
4 Cleopatra counts the years of her reign from when she gained control of Chalcis in Syria, after the death of Lysanias.
* Read Eusebius' account
SelPap_2.327'22; OGIS_196'14<t=B  Sherk_90>; Joseph:BJ_1'440, !:AJ_15'92; [Euseb]:Chron_169; !Hieron:Chron_1984; { OCD_c.; Hölbl_p242.}
5 PER Antonius invades Media.
* Read Plutarch's account
Strab_11'524,(13.4)  '530,(14.9)  16'748;(1.28)  Vell_2.82'1; Plut:Ant_37'1-6; Flor_2.20'2; +DioCass_49.24'2-25'2; Festus:Brev_18'3; { CAH_10'32.}
6 SIC {1 July} Octavianus and Lepidus launch a combined attack on Sicily.
#Appian:BCiv_5'96-98; { OCD_10'34.}
7 The fleet of Octavianus is damaged in a storm; but Menas deserts from Sextus Pompeius for a second time.
* Read Appian's account
@  (?) ElegMaec_1'41-42; Vell_2.79'4; Appian:BCiv_5'98-104;(↓)  +DioCass_49.1'1-6; Oros_6.18'25.L 
8 ROM {17 July} The triumph of Domitius Calvinus, from Spain.
#FastTr_p109; { OCD_c.}
9 SIC Agrippa defeats Demochares, the admiral of Sextus Pompeius, near Mylae.
* Read Appian's account
[Liv]:Per_129; Vell_2.789'4;L  Appian:BCiv_5'105-108; +DioCass_49.2'1-4'4; Oros_6.18'26.L 
10 Octavianus is defeated by Sextus Pompeius near Tauromenium, and forced to escape by land.
* Read Appian's account
[Liv]:Per_129; Vell_2.79'4; Plin:HN_9'55;L  Suet:Aug_16'3, 96'2; Appian:BCiv_5'109-117; +DioCass_49.5'1-7'6, 50.19'2; Eutrop_7.6'1; Oros_6.18'27.L 
11 PER A Roman force of two legions, under the command of Oppius Statianus, is destroyed by the Parthians.
* Read Plutarch's account
[Liv]:Per_130; Vell_2.82'2, 91'1; Plut:Ant_38'5-6; Flor_2.20'3; +DioCass_49.25'4-26'2, 44'2, 53.33'2; Festus:Brev_18'3; { MRR_2'265.}
12 SIC ?? Vetulinus, an adherent of Sextus Pompeius, is killed in battle after sending his family to safety.
Appian:BCiv_4'25.(↓) 
13 ?? Gabienus, a soldier of Octavianus, utters a prophecy to Pompeius after being mortally wounded.
Plin:HN_7'178-179.L 
14 {3 September} Octavianus decisively defeats Sextus Pompeius in a naval battle near Naulochus.
* Read Dio's account
#EhrJon:Fast_Sep3; [Liv]:Per_129; Vell_2.79'5; Suet:Aug_16'2; Flor_2.18'7; Appian:BCiv_5'118-121; +DioCass_49.8'1-11'1, 50.19'1-3, 23'2,; [Vict]:VirIll_84'4;L  Oros_6.18'28-29;L  { CAH_10'35; OCD_p.}
15 {September} Lepidus is deserted by his army, and Octavianus strips him of his triumviral powers.
* Read Appian's account
#EhrJon:Fast_Sep4; Vell_2.80'1-4; Tac:Ann_1'9-10; Plut:Ant_55'3-4; Suet:Aug_16'4; Appian:BCiv_5'122-126; +DioCass_49.11'2-12'3, 50.1'3, 20'2-3; Oros_6.18'30-32;L  { CAH_10'36.}
16 PER Antonius besieges Phraaspa, but fails to capture the city.
* Read Plutarch's account
Strab_11'523,(13.3)  '532;(14.15)  Plut:Ant_38'1-40'9, 92'3; Frontin:Str_4.1'37; +DioCass_49.26'3-28'1.
17 SIC Octavianus offers concessions to stop a mutiny amongst his soldiers.
* Read Appian's account
[Liv]:Per_131; Vell_2.81'1-2; Plin:HN_2'24;L  Appian:BCiv_5'127-129; +DioCass_49.13'1-14'5, 51.3'2; Oros_6.18'33,L  20'6;L  { CAH_10'37.}
18 ARM The army of Antonius suffers many casualties when he is forced to retreat through Armenia.
* Read Plutarch's account
[Liv]:Per_130; Vell_2.82'2-3; Frontin:Str_2.3'15, 13'7; Plut:Ant_41'1-51'1; Flor_2.20'4-10; Fronto:Ep_2'p202;L  +DioCass_49.28'2-31'3; Festus:Brev_18'3; Eutrop_7.6'2; Oros_6.19'1;L  { CAH_10'33.}
19 General comments on Antonius' unsuccessful war against the Parthians.
Plin:HN_33'82-83;L  Just_41.2'6, 42.5'3 [Vict]:VirIll_85'4.L 
20 PAL Herodes makes Aristobulus high priest.
* Read Josephus' account
Joseph:BJ_1'437, :AJ_15'31-41, '56, 20'248; Hieron:Chron_1983; ChronPasc_468'B; ChronSynt_95;(↓)  { CAH_10'741?35; Smallwood_p66?37.}
21 AFR Statilius Taurus secures the African provinces, and brings them under the control of Octavianus.
* Read Dio's account
Suet:Aug_47'1; +DioCass_49.14'6; (?) Oros_6.18'32;L  { OCD_t?36/5.}
22 ROM Octavianus is awarded honours, perhaps including tribunician power, on his return from Sicily.
* Read Appian's account
CIL_3.14625; Aug:ResGest_10; Vell_2.81'3; Appian:BCiv_5'130, '132; +DioCass_49.15'1-6; Oros_6.18'34,L  20'7;L  { CAH_10'37.}
23 {13 November} Octavianus celebrates an ovation, for his victory in Sicily.
* Read Fasti's account
#FastTr_p109; Aug:ResGest_4; Suet:Aug_22'1; +DioCass_49.15'1; !Hieron:Chron_1984; Oros_6.18'34,L  20'6.L 
24 Octavianus rewards Agrippa with the unique honour of a "naval crown".
* Read Dio's account
[Liv]:Per_129; Vell_2.81'3; Sen:Ben_3.32'4; Plin:HN_16'7-8;L  Suet:Aug_25'3; Appian:BCiv_5'130; +DioCass_49.14'3-4.
25 Octavianus returns the runaway slaves to their masters.
* Read Appian's account
Aug:ResGest_25; Appian:BCiv_5'131; +DioCass_49.12'4-5; Oros_6.20'6.L 
26 PHO Cleopatra goes to meet Antonius in Phoenicia, and brings supplies for his troops.
Plut:Ant_51'2-4; +DioCass_49.31'4; { Hölbl_p243.}
27 AEG Sextus Pompeius takes refuge on the island of Lesbos.
* Read Dio's account
Strab_6'268;(2.3)  Appian:BCiv_5'122, '133-136; +DioCass_49.17'1-6; { CAH_10'37.}
28 ROM == Maecenas governs Italy on behalf of Octavianus.
Appian:BCiv_5'112;(↓)  +DioCass_49.16'1-2.
29 << Document: Sall:Hist_, the Histories of Sallustius. { Sallustius died in about 35 B.C., and the Histories appear to have been incomplete when he died.}

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