Eastern Asia Minor and the Caucasus
in Remote and Classical Antiquity

Hittite, Hurrian, Urartian Page



Urartian Inscriptions

Inscription of Menuas, King of Ararat, translated by A. H. Sayce.
Great Inscription of Argistis on the Rock of Van, translated by A. H. Sayce.
Monolith Inscription of Argistis, King of Van, translated by A. H. Sayce.


Hittite, Hurrian, Urartian History and Culture

The Hittites, The Story of a Forgotten Empire, by A. H. Sayce.
   Hittites Wikipedia article. Good summary and additional, recent links.

The Hittites and the Old Testament, by F. F. Bruce.

Hittite Treaties and Literature, by Daniel David Luckenbill. Numerous references to the peoples, cities, states, and rulers of the Armenian Highlands.

Selected Writings of Daniel David Luckenbill.

Material at Ancient World Online for Hittite/Hittites.

The Oriental Institute Open Access Publications and
ETANA Core Texts, prepared by Charles Jones.

The Kingdom of Van (Urartu), by A. H. Sayce.
Vannic/Urartian Religion, by A. H. Sayce.
   Urartu Wikipedia article. Good summary and additional, recent links.

Selected Writings of A. H. Sayce.

Selected Writings of E. A. Speiser.

Urartu in Iran, by Wolfram Kleiss at Encyclopaedia Iranica.

The Problem of Identification of the Proto-Armenians: A Critical Review, by Armen Petrosyan [from Journal of the Society for Armenian Studies, vol. 16, 2007], is available on another page of this website and may be downloaded there.

Selected Writings of Armen Petrosyan.

The Pre-history of the Armenian People, The Armenian Highlands and the Creation of the Hittite and Mitanni Empires (excerpts), by Igor M. Diakonoff.

Diakonoff, Map 2. Schematic Map of Western Asia at the Time of the Hittite Empire (ca. 1500-1200 B.C.)

The Pre-history of the Armenian People, The Hittite and the Hurrian Social Structure, The Significance of the Data on the Hittite Social Structure for the History of Armenia (excerpts), by Igor M. Diakonoff.

The Pre-history of the Armenian People, The Formation of the Armenian People (excerpts), by Igor M. Diakonoff.

Diakonoff, Map 3. Schematic Map of Western Asia at the Beginning of the 1st Millennium B.C. (9-7th Centuries B.C.).

Ассиро-вавилонские источники по истории Урарту [Assyro-Babylonian Sources for the History of Urartu], by Igor M. Diakonoff, at annals.xlegio.ru.

Evidence on the Ethnic Division of the Hurrians, by Igor M. Diakonoff.

Hurro-Urartian Borrowings in Old Armenian, by Igor M. Diakonoff.

Selected Writings of Igor M. Diakonoff.

Armenia, Subartu and Sumer (Chapters 4-5, pp. 82-180), by Martiros Kavoukjian. [Subarians, Hurrians, Urartians, Mythology]

The Social Background of Christian Caucasia, by Cyril Toumanoff.

Selected Writings of E. A. Wallis Budge.

Anatolia Page, at Livius.org.

Material at Internet Archive (archive.org) for Urartu/Urartian.

Invaluable books and articles in Russian about Urartu, the Hittites, Ancient Asia Minor and the Levant at annals.xlegio.ru.


Articles from the important Armenological journal Patma-banasirakan Handes [Historico-Philological Journal] (Erevan, Armenia), multiple topics, periods, and authors:
Hittites
Hurrians
Urartu

Wikipedia Articles:
Hurrians
Mitanni


Ancient and Medieval Libraries,
Ancient and Medieval Gardens, and
Ancient Sexuality, at rbedrosian.com.


Mythology

Hittite/Hurrian Mythology, by Christopher B. Siren.

Eastern Asia Minor and the Caucasus in Ancient Mythologies (Middle Eastern Mythology section), by Robert Bedrosian.

Wikipedia article: Proto-Indo-European religion.


Art History

Urartian Art, Wikimedia Commons

Writings on Urartu [History and Art History], by Boris Piotrovsky.

The Pazyryk, Its Use and Origin, by Ulrich Schurmann. Schurmann, a renowned expert on carpets, demonstrates the likelihood that a 2,500 year old rug discovered frozen in a tomb in Asia, was made in Urartu.

Metropolitan Museum of Art (N.Y.) Heilbrunn Timeline of Art Asia Minor 2000-1000 B.C.
Metropolitan Museum of Art (N.Y.) Heilbrunn Timeline of Art Asia Minor 1000 B.C.- 1 A.D.
Metropolitan Museum of Art (N.Y.) Heilbrunn Timeline of Art Asia Minor 1 A.D - 500 A.D.


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